The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

U.S. Agrees to Increase Enforcement Assistance to Haiti in Meeting with Foreign Partners

Friday, July 22, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 12, 2022, in a Ministerial-level virtual meeting with over 17 countries and several international organizations, the United States government has reaffirmed and provided additional commitments with respect to supporting Haiti with respect to police and security assistance, including investigating the assassination of President Moïse and combating gang activity.  The U.S. also made commitments with respect to migration.

 

Briefcases of cash and Smurfs – Credit Suisse Guilty in Bulgarian Money Laundering Case

Friday, July 22, 2022
Author: 
John Kennamer
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 27, 2022, a court in Switzerland ordered Credit Suisse to pay 21 million francs in connection to money laundering offences between 2007 and 2008.  During that period, a bank employee aided Bulgarian drug smugglers in laundering millions of dollars’ worth of cash through a process known as “smurfing.”  The ruling is the latest in a line of legal woes faced by the bank in recent years.

CFTC Imposes Penalties on 2 Firms for Swap Reporting and Daily Mark Disclosure Violations

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 5, 2022, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission issued an order filing and simultaneously settling charges against BNP Paribas (BNPP), an international financial services corporation and swap dealer, for violations of the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) and Commission regulations concerning swap reporting and daily mark disclosures.[1]



[1]    CFTC, CFTC Orders Swap Dealer to Pay $6 Million for Swap Reporting and Daily Mark Disclosure Violations, July 5, 2022.

 

U.S. Attorney in Seattle Reaches Plea with Two Foreign Nationals to Trafficking Ivory and Rhino Horns

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 12, 2022, Herdade Lokua, 34, and Jospin Mjangi, 32, of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Seattle to conspiracy and Lacey Act charges.  On November 3, 2021, indictments were issued on eleven counts concerning trafficking wildlife from the DRC to Seattle.  The court scheduled the sentencing hearing for November 1.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Two Foreign Nationals Plead Guilty to Trafficking Ivory and Rhinoceros Horn from the Democratic of the Congo, Press Rel. No. 22-745, July 13, 2022.

 

Megaupload Pair Plead Guilty in N. Zealand as Dotcom Extradition Case Continues

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 22, 2022, Bram van der Kolk and Mathias Ortmann, who have fought extradition to the U.S. for more than a decade, pleaded guilty in New Zealand.  Meanwhile, the U.S. extradition case for Kim Dotcom continues.[1]



[1]    Megaupload Pair Convicted: The Specific Crimes They Admitted in Detail, 2022 World Justice News, June 27, 2022.

 

U.S. Blocks Oligarch’s Trust and Prohibits Gold Imports as REPO Task Force Releases Results

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 30, 2022, the United States Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) announced it has given Notification of Blocked Property to Heritage Trust, a Delaware-based trust in which OFAC-designated Russian oligarch Suleiman Abusaidovich Kerimov has a property interest.  On June 29, 2022, the Russian Elites, Proxies, and Oligarch (REPO) Task Force announced it has blocked or frozen more than $30 billion worth of sanctioned Russians’ assets.  On June 28, 2022, the U.S. Treasury announced it was implementing G7 commitments by prohibiting gold imports and targeting Russian defense industrial base, military and intelligence units, and sanctions evaders.

U.S. Superseding Indictment Charges Five with Crimes Related to Transnational Repression Scheme to Silence PRC Critics in the U.S.

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 6, 2022, a federal grand jury in the Eastern District of New York returned a superseding indictment, charging five defendants, including one current federal law enforcement officer and one retired federal law enforcement officer, with crimes concerning an alleged transnational repression scheme executed on behalf of the Government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Five Men Indicted for Crimes Related to Transnational Repression Scheme to Silence Critics of the People’s Republic of China Residing in the United States, Press Rel.  22-716, July 7, 2022.

 

Rights Groups Report on Inhuman Practices in Detention Centers by Palestinian Authorities

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 30, 2022, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Palestinian rights group Lawyers for Justice released (LFJ) a joint report on the situation of detainees held by the security and police forces. The report was submitted to the United Nations' Committee Against Torture.[1]



* Professor Plachta specializes in criminal law and international criminal law. He has authored numerous publication on a wide range of problems concerning law enforcement and international cooperation in criminal matters. He currently teaches criminal law and European criminal law at the University of Security in Poznan, Poland.

[1] Joint Submission by Human Rights Watch and Lawyers for Justice to the Committee Against Torture on Palestine, HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, June 30, 2022. https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/06/30/joint-submission-human-rights-watch-....

 

Germany Starts Implementing Agreement to Return Looted Cultural Property to Nigeria

Friday, July 15, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 1, 2022, an agreement to return 1,130 bronze and other cultural artifacts was signed in Berlin by Germany’s Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock, Commissioner for Culture, the Media, and Claudia Roth, Nigeria’s Minister of Culture Lai Mohammed and Minister for State for Foreign Affairs Zabairo Dada.  The agreement is the single largest repatriation of artifacts anywhere in the world and follows a century of controverted restitution claims.[1]



[1]    Annabelle Steffes-Halmer, Germany returns Benin Bronzes to Nigeria, DW, July 2, 2022.

 

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