The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

The End of US v. Hoskins: And the End of an Era?

Thursday, December 1, 2022
Author: 
Frederick T. Davis
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
12
Abstract: 

On November 16, 2022, a perfunctory entry appeared in the docket of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in the case of United States v. Hoskins, Dkt. No. 20-842: Without comment, the Court noted the “issuance of the mandate” in the case.  The issuance of a “mandate” signifies that no pending matters remain in the appellate court, it is the Court’s laconic way of saying that an appeal is over and done with.  In this instance, the issuance was caused by the non-occurrence of an event:  November 11 had been the last day on which the Department of Justice (DoJ) could have sought en banc review of a decision it lost on August 12, 2022 in its appeal of a partial post-trial acquittal of a long-running money laundering and foreign corruption case; without comment, the DoJ declined to do so.

Russian National Extradited to US from Greece in Alleged Crypto Money Laundering Case; French Counsel Seeks Client to be included in Prisoner Swap

Thursday, December 1, 2022
Author: 
Linda Friedman Ramirez
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
12
Abstract: 
The Department of Justice, on behalf of the US Department of Treasury, has succeeded  in bringing Russian national Alexander Vinnik, accused co-owner of crypto exchange BTC-e,  to the United States for criminal proceedings.    BTC-e was an early success and purportedly one of the largest crypto-exchanges in the world, it is claimed that BTC-e received more than $4 billion worth of bitcoin in the six years of operation before being shut down in 2017.  

Privy Council Upholds Extradition of Ex-FIFA VP Warner from Trinidad to the United States

Wednesday, November 23, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
12
Abstract: 

On November 17, 2022, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council issued a judgment affirming the decision of the Court of Appeal of Trinidad and Tobago to extradite Jack Austin Warner, the former Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Vice President, to the United States.[1]



[1]    Jack Austin Warner (Appellant) v. Attorney General of Trinidad and Tobago (Respondent), [2022] UKPC 43 (Privy Council Appeal No. 0026 of 2020, Nov. 17, 2022 chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://www.jcpc.uk/cases/docs/jcpc-2020-0026-judgment.pdf.

 

Dutch Court Convicts Three for 2014 Downing of MH17 Over Ukraine

Wednesday, November 23, 2022
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
12
Abstract: 

On November 17, 2022, the District Court in the Hague delivered a long-awaited judgment in  the criminal case concerning the downing of the shooting down of a Malaysian Airlines Flight MH 17 on its way from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur over Ukrainian territory. All 298 people onboard were killed when the plane was shot down on July 17, 2014.

“El Abusador” Pleads Guilty to Trafficking Multi-Tons of Cocaine into the United States

Wednesday, November 23, 2022
Author: 
Savannah Telfer
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
12
Abstract: 

Dominican drug lord Cesar Emilio Peralta-Adamez plead guilty to importing shipments of cocaine into the United States on November 4, 2022.[1]  A Federal Grand Jury first indicted Peralta in 2018 for conspiracy to import heroin and cocaine into the U.S. Authorities arrested Peralta in Columbia and extradited him to Puerto Rico where he is currently awaiting prosecution.[2]



[1] U.S. Department of Justice, Dominican Drug Lord Pleads Guilty to Importing Tons of Cocaine into the United States, Press Rel. Nov. 14, 2022.

[2] Id.

 

Mozambique Challenges Ruling on Extradition of Former Finance Minister

Thursday, November 17, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 20, 2022, Mozambique filed papers to South Africa’s supreme court of appeal to challenge a ruling that called for the extradition of the nation’s former finance minister, Michael (sometimes Manuel) Chang, to the United States.  The charges against Chang stem from the Hidden Debts scandal and his prosecution has been a point of international tension between Mozambique and the United States.  This is Mozambique’s third bid for Chang’s extradition.[1]



[1] Emsie Ferreira, Mozambique Again Tries to Halt Former Minister’s Extradition to the U.S., MAILGUARDIAN, October 20, 2022.

 

OCCRP Obtains FBI Report Showing Rwanda Lying to U.S. Law Enforcement and Abusing Interpol

Thursday, November 17, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) obtained a classified FBI report detailing Rwanda’s recent history of abusing Interpol Red Notices and feeding U.S. intelligence officials false information to target political dissidents.  Despite being a U.S. ally receiving hundreds of millions in foreign aid, Rwanda has been engaging in these transnational repression schemes on American soil for years, the OCCRP reports.

U.S. and UN Try to Tackle Gangs and Organized Crime in Haiti

Friday, November 11, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

The United Nations and the United States government as well as other governments are trying to combat the rising gang violence and chaos in Haiti.  On October 21, the UN Security Council unanimously approved a sanctions regime for Haiti, targeting gang leaders and persons who finance them in an effort to mitigate months of violence, lawlessness, and a humanitarian crisis spiraling out of control.[1]  On November 7, 2022, the U.S. Department of Justice announced the unsealing of criminal charges against seven leaders of five Haitian gangs, including gang leaders involved in the armed kidnappings of 16 U.S. citizens in the fall of 2021.[2]  On November 4, 2022, the U.S. and Canada sanctioned corrupt Haitian politicians for narcotics trafficking.[3]



[1]    United Nations, Security Council approves sanctions package for Haiti to quell gang violence, UN News, Oct. 21, 2022.

[2]    U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Charges Unsealed Against Haitian Gang Leaders for Kidnappings of U.S. Citizens, Press Rel. 22-1193, Nov. 7. 2022.

[3]   U.S. Department of Treasury, Treasury Sanctions Corrupt Haitian Politicians for narcotics Trafficking, Nov. 4, 2022.

 

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