The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Brazilian Federal Police Operation Uncovers International Arms Trafficking Network Between the U.S. and Brazil

Friday, April 12, 2024
Author: 
Marco Stewart Lopez
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 4, 2024, the Brazilian Federal Police uncovered, under “Operation Fiction or Reality,” a sophisticated international arms trafficking network between the United States and Brazil. The traffickers used a company that purportedly imported cinematographic paraphernalia to conceal their activities, which included supplying firearms and accessories to criminal factions and militias in Rio de Janeiro. 

E.D.N.Y. Indictment Alleges Seven Chinese “APT31” Hackers Compromised Foreign Targets, Critics of China

Friday, April 5, 2024
Author: 
Kenneth Boggess
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On March 25, 2024, the Department of Justice unsealed an indictment in the Eastern District of New York dated January 30, 2024, in which seven nationals of the People’s Republic of China were charged with conspiracy to commit computer intrusions and conspiracy to commit wire fraud.[1]  The alleged activities took place over at least 14 years, with the known date range identified in the indictment as 2010 through January 2024.[2]  In the past few years, the seven defendants and their conspirators have been given names such as “Advanced Persistent Threat 31” (“APT31”) and “Violet Typhoon” by cybersecurity researchers.

U.S. Court Sentences Gun Trafficker and Bill Introduced on Caribbean Arms Trafficking

Friday, April 5, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 2, 2024, the U.S. Department of Justice announced the sentencing of two persons for gun trafficking charges.  In February 2024, the U.S. prosecuted and sentenced four persons for firearms trafficking involving Haiti and the Dominican Republic. On March 25, two members of the U.S. House of Representatives and two members of the U.S. Senate introduced a bill to provide for an annual report on prosecution activities of the Coordinator for Caribbean Firearms Prosecutions of the U.S. Department of Justice.

U.S. Charges 41 Persons in South Texas Poly-Drug Indictment Linked to Jalisco Cartel

Friday, April 5, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

       On April 1, 2024, the United States Department of Justice announced the detention of 23 persons after the return of a 50-count indictment alleging the trafficking of cocaine, fentanyl, heroin, and meth and related crimes in the Houston and Galveston areas.  According to the indictment, the defendants operated under the control of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG).

European and Russian Allegations for Genocide Before and During World War II

Friday, April 5, 2024
Author: 
Konstantinos D. Magliveras
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

   The so-called ‘special military operation’ that the Russian Federation has waged against Ukraine since February 2022 has had, directly or indirectly, several consequences and repercussions in its relations with Europe and other Western countries. One of them has been what appears to be a tit-for-tat accusation for the perpetration of acts of genocide before and during World War II. The purpose of this article is to examine these allegations in chronological order and to offer a brief evaluation. As will be ascertained, even though these accusations concern events that go as far back as 90 years, they have invariably been connected to the Russian aggression against Ukraine.

UK FCA Imposes £5.95 Million Fine and Industry Ban for CEO in Cum-Ex Case

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 18, 2024, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) decided to impose a fine of £5.95 Million on Nailesh Teraiya, formerly the sole controller and chief executive of Indigo Global Partners Limited (Indigo), and to prohibit him from carrying out any regulated activity.

English Appellate Court Requests Assurances from the US on Assange Extradition

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 26, the King’s Bench Division issued a 66-page opinion, stating that Julian Assange has a real prospect of success on 3 of the 9 grounds of appeal.  It has given the United States Government  an opportunity to offer assurances that would address those groups of appeal.  Unless the U.S. gives satisfactory assurances, the Court will grant leave to appeal on those grounds.

Waste Management Company Former Finance Director Indicted for FCPA Violations

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

 On March 19, 2024, a federal grand jury in the Southern District of Florida returned an indictment charging a former finance director of the Latin America division of Stericycle Inc., an international waste management company headquartered in Lake Forest, Illinois, for participating in a scheme to pay more than $10 million in bribes to foreign officials in Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina.

Michigan Suit the 4th to Challenge the Corporate Transparency Act

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 
On March 26, two business groups and several limited liability companies and individuals brought an action in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan, challenging the Corporate Transparency Act (CTA) on constitutional grounds.  The suit requests that the court declare the CTA unconstitutional and give preliminary and injunctive relief against its enforcement.[1]

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