The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Belize Detains and the Grants Pretrial Release to Ashcroft Son’s Partner in Shooting of Police Superintendent

Monday, June 14, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 28, 2021, Belizean authorities detained Jasmine Hartin, a 32-year-old Canadian woman. They charged her in the San Pedro Magistrate’s Court in connection with the death of Henry Jemmott, a local police superintendent. The Director of Public Prosecutions Cheryl Lynn Vidal directed that Hartin be charged with negligent manslaughter in Jemmott’s death in Ambergris Caye when he was off-duty.[1] The case is a high-visible one in Belize because Hartin is the partner/husband of Andrew Ashcroft, son of Michael Ashcroft, the Conservative party donor. Lord Ashcroft is a former Tory party deputy chairman.  He is formerly a member of the House of Lords, a billionaire, and very influential due to his investments in Belize. [2]On June 9, the Supreme Court granted Hartin bail.



[1]    Director Public Prosecutions Directs Manslaughter Charges Jasmine Hartin, The Belizean, May 31, 2021 https://belizean.com/national/director-public-prosecutions-directs-manslaughter-charges-jasmine-hartin.

[2]    Luke Harding, Belize gripped by arrest of Ashcroft son’s partner over officer’s death, The Guardian, June 4, 2021.

 

U.S. Unseals Indictment against Two Austrians on Odebrecht Corruption-Based Money Laundering Charges

Tuesday, June 8, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 25, 2021, the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of New York unsealed an indictment against two Austrian nationals, one of which was arrested in the United Kingdom, on criminal charges related to the alleged participation in a conspiracy to launder hundreds of millions of dollars through the U.S. financial system as part of a scheme to pay bribes and defraud the Brazilian government.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Two Bank Executives Charged for Conspiring to Launder Hundreds of Millions of Dollars Through U.S. Financial System in Connection with Odebrecht Bribery and Fraud Scheme, Press Rel., May 25, 2021.

 

Americas Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General Approve Recommendations to Use Information Technologies for International Cooperation

Friday, June 4, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 18 and 19, 2021, the Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General of the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) participated in the Eleventh Meeting of Ministers of Justice, or Other Ministers, or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA – XI).  Ecuador hosted the virtual meeting.  The Ecuadorian Attorney General, Dr. Diana Salazar, hosted the meeting.

U.S. Arrests Former Bolivian Minister and 4 Others on Bribery and Money Laundering Charges

Wednesday, June 2, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 27, 2021, the United States Attorney in Miami announced the arrest in Florida and Georgia of the former Minister of Interior, his chief of staff, and three U.S. citizens on criminal charges related to their alleged roles in bribery and money laundering conspiracy.[1]



[1]    Office of the U.S. Attorney, S.D. Florida, Former Minister of government of Bolivia, Owner of Florida-Based Company, and Three Others Charged in Bribery and  Money Laundering Scheme, Press Rel., May 2y7, 2021.

 

Italian Court Orders Four Egyptians to Stand Trial in Kidnapping and Killing of Italian Student

Wednesday, June 2, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 25, 2021, an Italian court ordered that four Egyptian security officials must stand trial on October 14 over the kidnap, torture, and murder of an Italian student whose body was found in Cairo after he disappeared in January 2016.  The body of Giulio Regini, a postgraduate student at the University of Cambridge, was so badly disfigured when it was found that his mother could scarcely identify him.[1]



[1]    Regini murder:  Italy orders four Egyptians to stand trial, BBC, May 25, 2021.

The EU Whistleblower Protection Directive in the Context of the Jonathan Taylor Extradition

Friday, May 28, 2021
Author: 
Austin Max Scherer
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On December 16, 2019, the European Union (EU) Whistleblower Protection Directive was adopted.[1]  The directive intended to cure whistleblower protection that was viewed as fragmented and inconsistent.  Within the framework, the directive set out minimum EU-wide standards for: “reporting channels for organizations of a certain size; and the level of protection afforded to persons that report breaches of Union law.”[2]  Since the initiation of the directive, member states were provided with a period of two-years to implement these policies into their respective constitutions, statutes, and treatises.[3]  With the two year deadline quickly approaching, it is prudent to check in on the progress of the member states and discuss the benefits and obstacles this directive may face.  In addition, this article will interweave the Jonathan Taylor case, a U.K. native and whistleblower that exposed bribery at his old firm SMB Offshore, into the analysis of the directive.[4] 
 



[1] See Werner Berg, Sunny Mann, and Julia M. Wilson, Whistleblower Protection Directive, bakermckenzie.com, https://www.bakermckenzie.com/en/insight/publications/2020/02/whistleblower-protection-directive (last visited May. 24, 2021).
[2] Id.
[3] Id.
[4] Jo Couzens, Jonathan Taylor: Oil whistleblower’s Monaco extradition bid upheld, bbc.com, https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-hampshire-57137065 (last visited May. 24, 2021).

U.S. Indicts Former Chadian Diplomats in Transnational Corruption and Money Laundering Scheme

Thursday, May 27, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 20, 2021, the U.S. Department of Justice unsealed a federal grand jury indictment in Washington, D.C. against the Republic of Chad’s former Ambassador to the United States and Canada and Chad’s former Deputy Chief of Mission for the U.S. and Canada with soliciting and accepting a $2 million bribe from a Canadian start-up energy company, and conspiring to launder the bribe payment in an effort to conceal it.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Charges Unsealed Against Former Chadian Diplomats to the U.S. Charged in Connection with International Bribery and Money Laundering Scheme, Press Rel. 21-479, May 24, 2021.  United States v. Naeem  Riaz Tyab, U.S. Dist. Court for D.C., Case 1:19-cr-00038-RJL, Indictment, Feb. 7, 2019 https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1397106/download.

 

Malawi Court Rejects Shepard Bushiris’ Defense in Extradition Case

Thursday, May 27, 2021
Author: 
Kayla DeAlto
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

Recently, the Malawi courts have denied Shepard Bushiris’ defense in response to South Africa’s extradition request.[1] Shepard Bushiri was arrested in South Africa for money laundering and fraud charges. Shortly after he was granted bail by the Pretoria Central Magistrate’s Court under strict conditions. Once released from bail, he fled to his home country, Malawi. In response, South Africa sent a formal extradition request to Malawi, which the Malawian government received bin December 2020.[2] Since December 2020, South Africa has been trying to have Bushiri extradited under the Southern African Development Community Protocol (SADC Protocol).[3]



[1] Malawi Court Denies Bushiris’ Application to Dismiss Extradition Request, Tripale (April 28, 2021) https://tripale.com/malawi-court-denies-bushiris-application-to-dismiss-....

[2] Bushiris’ Legal Team Seeks to Have SA’s Extradition Request Dismissed, Daily Nation (Mar. 31, 2021) https://dailynationzambia.com/2021/03/31/bushiris-legal-team-seeksto-hav....

[3] Malawi Court Denies Bushiris’ Application to Dismiss Extradition Request, Tripale (April 28, 2021) https://tripale.com/malawi-court-denies-bushiris-application-to-dismiss-....

 

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