The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

South Africa Submits Application to the UN Court Against Israel Over Genocide in Gaza

Friday, January 5, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 29, 2023, South Africa filed an application instituting proceedings against Israel before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, concerning alleged violations by Israel of its obligations under the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the “Genocide Convention”) in relation to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.

Treasury Issues Final Access Rule to Beneficial Ownership Information

Friday, December 29, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 21, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a final rule implementing the access and safeguard provisions of the Corporate Transparency Act (CTA) (the “Access Rule”).  The Access Rule sets forth the circumstances under which beneficial ownership information (BOIA) reported to FinCEN may be disclosed to authorized BOI recipients and how recipients must protect it.

U.S. Unseals Terrorism Charges against Alleged Operative in Buenos Aires 1994 Bombing

Friday, December 29, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 20, 2023, the U.S. Department of Justice announced the unsealing of terrorism charges against Samuel Salman El Reda, aka Samuel Salman El Reda, Salman Raouf Salman, Sulayman Rammal, Salman Ramal, Salman Raouf Salman, and Hajj, 58, a dual Colombian-Lebanese citizen and member of Hezbollah’s Islamic Jihad Organization (IJO), in connection with El Reda’s alleged role leading decades of terrorist activity on behalf of Hezbollah and the IJO.

ICC Report Confirms that Colombian Civil War Crimes are Sufficiently Prosecuted Under 2016 Peace Deal

Friday, December 29, 2023
Author: 
Jack Crovitz
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On November 30, 2023, the Office of the Prosecutor at the Int’l Criminal Court (ICC) issued a report on the situation in Colombia (https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/default/files/2023-11/2023-11-30-otp-report-colombia-eng.pdf). This report determined that potential cases on alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes during the six-decade Colombian civil war are likely inadmissible to the ICC, due to genuine proceedings by the Colombian government aimed at handling all the cases. 

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Will Repatriate 16 Khmer Sculptures to Cambodia and Thailand

Friday, December 29, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 15, the Metropolitan Museum of Art announced it has begun the process to return 16 Khmer sculptures – 14 to Cambodia and two to Thailand.  The return will effectively remove from its collection all Angkorian sculptures works which the Met knows are linked with the dealer Douglass Latchford. 

Venezuela Sends Fugitive Fat Leonard and 10 Jailed Americans in Swap for Alex Saab

Friday, December 29, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 21, 2023, the United States and Venezuela agreed to a major exchange of prisoners, which has significance for the state of U.S.-Venezuelan relations.  The U.S. released Alex Saab, a close ally of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro in exchange for 10 jailed Americans and a fugitive defense contractor known as “Fat Leonard,” who has been convicted in U.S. District Court in San Diego for corruption involving the U.S. Navy.

Council of Europe’s Efforts to Accommodate the EU Prosecutor within the MLA Framework

Friday, December 22, 2023
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On October 12, 2017, the Regulation establishing the European Public Prosecutor's Office (EPPO) was adopted by  Member States which are part of the EPPO “enhanced cooperation.”[1] The EPPO is in charge of investigating, prosecuting, and bringing to justice the perpetrators of offenses against the Union's financial interests.

Japan Approves Prisoner Transfer of US Naval Officer Convicted of Negligent Homicide

Friday, December 22, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 15, 2023, the Japanese authorities transferred to the United States U.S. Navy officer Lt. Ridge Alkonis, pursuant to a prisoner transfer treaty between both nations. Alkonis was imprisoned in Japan as a result of negligent homicide resulting in the death of two persons.[1]U.S. officials have stated that Alkonis has been remanded to U.S. custody, where he will eventually have a hearing before the U.S. parole commissioner to determine his future disposition.

British Solicitor Receives Suspended Sentence for Tipping Off Client on Investigation

Friday, December 22, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
13
Abstract: 

 On November 30, 2023, a court sentenced a British solicitor to nine months of suspended imprisonment for 18 months following his conviction for “tipping off” his client about a money laundering investigation. The court sentenced William Osmond, 69, and ordered him to complete 100 hours of unpaid work.

11th Circuit Affirms Another Victory for IRS on Peruvian Tax Request

Friday, December 15, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
13
Abstract: 

On December 4, 2023, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of three petitions by siblings to quash IRS summonses issued for their bank records at the request of Peruvian authorities.  The appellate court in a per curiam decision found that the court did not err in denying an evidentiary hearing with respect to bad faith by the requesting Peruvian government and properly refused to hold a hearing.

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