The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

French National Arrested in Morocco Argues Against Extradition to the US

Friday, September 2, 2022
Author: 
Linda Friedman Ramirez
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On July 20, 2022, the Supreme Court of the Kingdom of Morocco issued an opinion, indicating that it was “favorable” to the extradition of French national and computer sciences student Sebastian Raoult to the United States.  A year earlier, on June 23, 2021, Raoult was indicted in the Western District of Washington, charged as a member of the “Shiny Hunters,” conspiracy. The indictment alleges the conspirators hacked a dozen companies throughout the world, causing millions of dollars in damage, and committed crimes of computer fraud and abuse, wire fraud, and aggravated identity theft.  [1]



[1]

Exclusive: Has France thrown a French national to U.S. prosecutorial wolves? Pourquoi?, DATABREACHES, August 15, 2022

https://www.databreaches.net/has-france-thrown-a-french-national-to-u-s-prosecutorial-wolves-pourquoi/.

 

U.S. Will Return $1.2 Million to Romania from Funds Forfeited from Tax Fraud and Laundering Scheme

Friday, September 2, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 26, 2022, the United States Department of Justice announced that more than $1.2 million in forfeited funds from an international corruption-based tax fraud and money laundering scheme will be returned to the government of Romania.  The U.S. government realized the money from the sale of property located in the State of Washington that were owned by a Romanian couple, who the U.S. extradited to Romania.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, $1.2 Million to Be Returned to Romanian Government, the Victim of an International Tax Fraud and Money Laundering Scheme, Press Rel. 22-923, Aug. 26, 2022.

 

CJNG Cartel Courier Pleads Guilty to Money Laundering Charges after Undercover Sting

Friday, September 2, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On Tuesday, a courier working for the Mexican Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG) pleaded guilty to a money laundering charge in the Eastern District of Virginia.  Jorge Orozco-Sandoval, 35, admitted in federal court that he dropped off nearly $320,000 in three separate installments at a Target store in Front Royal with the intent of this money reaching CJNG.  In his plea filing, Orosco-Sandoval also admitted that he distributed cocaine in Virginia.

U.S. Senate Finance Committee Highlights Circumvention of FATCA Reporting Schemes

Friday, August 26, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 24, 2022, the Senate Finance Committee issued a report on a case study on the methods by which billionaire Robert Brockman allegedly hid approximately $2.7 billion in income from the IRS and evaded hundreds of millions in federal taxes.[1]  On October 15, 2020, the Justice Department announced it has indicted Brockman on 39 counts, including tax evasion, failure to file foreign bank account reports, money laundering, and other offenses.[2]



[1]    U.S. Senate Committee of Finance, The Shell Bank Loophole, Aug. 24, 2022 chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://www.finance.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Mirabaud%20Report.pdf. 

[2]    U.S. Department of Justice, CEO of Multibillion-dollar Software Company Indicted for Decades-long Tax Evasion and Wire Fraud Schemes, Oct. 15, 2020.

 

Iranian Indicted for Alleged Plot to Assassinate John Bolton

Friday, August 26, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 10, 2022, the Department of Justice unsealed an indictment against Shahran Poursafi (or Mehdi Rezayi) of Tehran, Iran for his alleged attempt to arrange the murder of former National Security Advisor John Bolton.  The indictment alleges that Poursafi, working on behalf of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps – Qods Force (IRGC-QF), attempted to pay individuals in the U.S. $300,000 to carry out the assassination of John Bolton in Washington D.C. or Maryland.

Former Algerian Soldier Files UN Complaint over Deportation from Spain

Friday, August 26, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

Lawyers representing former Algerian soldier Mohamed Benhalima, who was deported from Spain to Algeria, have filed a complaint against Madrid at the United Nations Committee on Human Rights, alleging that their client’s human rights were violated.[1]



[1] Westobserver, The Algerian Opponent Mohamed Benhalima denounces Spain before the UN, WESTOBSERVER, August 15, 2022.

 

The Netherlands and Greece Extradite Russians to U.S. in Cryptocurrency Cases

Friday, August 26, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

In August, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the extradition of two Russian citizens for cybercrime and money laundering. On August 5, 2022, the DOJ announced that Greece had extradited a Russian citizen the previous day  for operating an illicit cryptocurrency exchange BTC-3.[1]  On August 17, 2022, the DOJ announced that Netherlands extradited, that week, a Russian citizen to face charges of money laundering from cryptocurrency.[2]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Alleged Russian Cyptocurrency Money Launderer Extradited to United States, Aug. 5, 2022.

[2]    U.S. Department of Justice, Alleged Russian Money Launderer Extradited from the Netherlands to U.S., Press Rel. No. 22-880, Aug. 17, 2022.

 

The Fifth Circuit Will Consider a Rich Array of Issues Affecting Cross-Border Criminal Investigations

Tuesday, August 23, 2022
Author: 
Frederick T. Davis
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On October 6, a panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit will hear arguments in two consolidated appeals that together raise an unusually broad array of issues peculiar to efforts by the Department of Justice (DoJ) to prosecute alleged offenders of federal criminal laws even when they have few contacts with the United States.  Both appeals are by the DoJ from separate decisions of Judge Kenneth M. Hoyt of the Southern District of Texas dismissing “for lack of jurisdiction” an indictment as against two European citizens.

 

Iranian Indicted for Alleged Plot to Assassinate John Bolton

Friday, August 19, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 10, 2022, the Department of Justice unsealed an indictment against Shahran Poursafi (or Mehdi Rezayi) of Tehran, Iran for his alleged attempt to arrange the murder of former National Security Advisor John Bolton.  The indictment alleges that Poursafi, working on behalf of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps – Qods Force (IRGC-QF), attempted to pay individuals in the U.S. $300,000 to carry out the assassination of John Bolton in Washington D.C. or Maryland.

UK Extradites Three Nigerians for Business Email Compromise Fraud Schemes

Friday, August 19, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 10, 2022 the U.S. Department of Justice announced that the United Kingdom (UK) extradited three Nigerian citizens wanted by the United States in connection to their alleged participation in multimillion-dollar cyber-enabled business email compromise (BEC) fraud schemes in the Eastern District of Virginia, the Western District of North Carolina, and the Southern District of Texas.  The defendants and their co-conspirators allegedly targeted unsuspecting victims, including universities in Virginia, North Carolina, and Texas, and tried to cause more than $5 million in losses.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Three Nigerian Nationals Extradited to the United States from the United Kingdom for participating in Business Email Compromise Fraud Schemes, Press Rel. 22-861, Aug. 10, 2022.

 

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