The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

BRAZILIAN POLITICS ON TRIAL: CORRUPTION & REFORM UNDER DEMOCRACY by Luciano da Ros and Matthew M. Taylor (Reinner, 281 pp., 2022)

Friday, June 3, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

This book analyzes Brazil’s complex history of corruption and anticorruption since the return to democracy in 1985, and evaluates its lessons for anticorruption reformers in Brazil and in other large democracies.  The authors, an assistant professor of political science at the Federal University of Santa Catarina and an associate professor of international relations at American University in Washington, [1]evaluate the corruption scandals that occurred and the anticorruption reforms that have arisen.  The book considers the conditions whereby anticorruption efforts succeed.  The book discusses the debates around Lava Jato, the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, and the election of Jair Bolsonaro.



[1]    Professor Taylor has worked in Brazil for more than a decade, including serving on the faculty of political science at the University of São Paulo from 2006-2011.  He has written several books on Brazil, including Decadent Developmentalism: The Political Economy of Democratic Brazil (Cambridge University Press, 2020)

 

US Seeks to Enforce IRS John Doe Summons Against the US Firm Helping U.S. Persons Establish Foreign Financial Accounts

Friday, June 3, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 24, 2022, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) petitioned the U.S. District Court in Fort Lauderdale, Florida for an order to enforce the John Doe Summons.[1]



[1]    Government Seeks Enforcement of IRS John Doe Summons, 2022 TNTI 103-24, May 24, 2022.

 

OAS REMJA Working Group Makes Recommendations on Cybercrime

Thursday, May 26, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On April 28 and 29, 2022, the Organization of American States (OAS) Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General (REMJA) Working Group on Cybercrime held its 10th Meeting in virtual format, exchanging best practices, experiences, and challenges experienced by OAS member States in connection with cybercrime.  Attending the meeting were government experts on cybercrime, representatives of international organizations, and the private sector.  The meeting addressed the importance of updated cybercrime legislation, training, and legal cooperation.[1]



[1]    OAS, Recommendations of the REMJA Working Group on Cybercrime as a result from the 10th meeting, Legal Cooperation/Cybercrime/REMJA Newsletter (May 2022).

 

French Appeals Court Confirms Crimes against Humanity Charges against Multinational Lafarge

Thursday, May 26, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 18, 2021, a French appellate court has confirmed that the multinational enterprise Lafarge must face charges of complicity in crimes against humanity over alleged payoffs to the Islamic State group and other jihadist organizations during the Syrian civil war.[1]



[1]    AFP, French court upholds Syria ‘complicity in crimes against humanity’ charge against Lafarge, https://www.france24.com, May 18, 2022.

 

Glencore Agrees to Joint Settlements on Foreign Bribery and also Pleads Guilty to Manipulating Price of Fuel Oil at U.S. Ports

Thursday, May 26, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

 On May 24, 2022, Glencore International A.G. (Glencore) and Glencore Ltd., both part of a multinational commodity trading and mining company headquartered in Switzerland, each pleaded guilty and agreed to pay $1.1 billion to resolve the U.S. government’s investigations into violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and a commodity (i.e., fuel oil) price manipulation scheme.  The guilty pleas in the U.S. are part of coordinated resolutions with criminal and civil authorities in the United Kingdom and Brazil.[1]



[1]    United States Department of Justice, Glencore  Entered Guilty Pleas to Foreign Bribery and Market Manipulation Schemes Swiss-Based Firm Agrees to Pay Over $1.1 Billion, May 24, 2022.

 

German ISIS Returnee Being Tried for Abusing Yazidi Woman

Thursday, May 26, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On April 19, 2022, the criminal trial of a German ISIS returnee, Jalda A., began in the Higher Regional Court of Hamburg.  She is accused of abusing and enslaving a Yazidi woman in her Syrian home and being charged with aiding and abetting genocide as well as with war crimes and crimes against humanity, including torture, enslavement, religious and gender-based persecution and aiding and abetting rape.

British Fugitive Captured in Spain

Thursday, May 26, 2022
Author: 
John Kennamer
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On May 5, 2022, British and Spanish authorities arrested David Ungi in Coín, Spain.  Ungi was wanted in connection with the 2015 killing of Vinny Waddington in Liverpool, as well as his connection to heroin trafficking.[1]  Ungi is facing prosecution in Spain, and potential extradition to the UK.



[1]               Nacho Sánchez, Detenido en Málaga otro de los británicos incluidos en la lista de los más buscados, El País (May 9, 2022, 1:22 PM), https://elpais.com/espana/2022-05-09/detenido-en-malaga-otro-de-los-britanicos-incluidos-en-la-lista-de-los-mas-buscados.html.

 

ICC Sends Forensic Investigators to Ukraine as Quintet of Attorneys General Announce Support for Prosecutor General of Ukraine on War Crimes and First Trial of War Crimes Occurs

Friday, May 20, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

During the third week of May, several developments on accountability for atrocities in the Russo-Ukraine war converged.  On May 17, 2022, International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Karim A.A. Khan QC announced he was sending a team of 42 investigators, forensic experts, and support personnel to Ukraine to continue the ICC investigations into crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC and furnish support to Ukrainian national authorities.  On May 18, during the first war crimes trial in Ukraine Russian Sgt. Vadim Shidhimarin pleaded guilty to killing an unarmed 62-year-old civilian in the Sumy region of Ukraine.  On May 19, 2022, a quintet of Attorneys General issued a statement of support for the Prosecutor General of Ukraine and investigations and prosecutions for Russian war crimes.

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