The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

The Met Initiates Return of Sumerian Sculpture to Iraq and Signs MOU with Thai Government

Friday, May 3, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

                In April 2024, the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) took two actions with respect to recovering and returning stolen and embezzled cultural items to their rightful owners.  On April 16, 2024, the Met announced that it had repatriated a third millennium BCE Sumerian sculpture to the Republic of Iraq.[1]


[1]    The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Returns Sculpture to the Republic of Iraq, April 16, 2024.

 

Europol, EU Partners, and U.S. Take Down Organized Crime and Corrupt Offices in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Friday, April 26, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 22, 204, Europol led a large-scale raid in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the homes and offices of 23 persons suspected as participants of the “inner circle” of a drug kingpin’s organization.  The raid arose from the arrest of a drug kingpin in November 2022.  Europol hailed the take down of the so-called “super cartel,” which was an alliance of criminal networks that controlled much of Europe’s cocaine trade. Participating in the search of over 40 locations were law enforcement officials from several countries, including the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Canada and U.S. Arrest Persons in $20 Million Gold Heist

Friday, April 26, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 17, 2024, the Peel Regional Police in Canada announced that the U.S. and Canada have arrested nine persons in connection with a theft on April 17, 2023 of a cargo on a flight landing at Pearson International Airport from Zurich, Switzerland.  The cargo contained 6660 bars of .9999% pure gold, weighing 400 kilograms, valued at over $20 million and CAD 2.5 million worth of foreign currency. 

E.U. Directive Highlights Action Toward Addressing Unexplained Wealth and Money Laundering

Friday, April 26, 2024
Author: 
Kenneth Boggess
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 15, 2024, a directive issued by the Council of the European Union set forth a new policy for member states on unexplained wealth, including conditions for freezing and confiscating assets.[1]  The directive, which cleared both legislative bodies of the E.U. and awaits final signature and formal publication in the Official Journal of the European Union, builds on a 2022 proposal by the European Commission advocating for improved systems for asset tracing, greater power to freeze assets, and an overhauled framework governing confiscation.

EU General Court Annuls Sanctions on Two High-Profile Russian Oligarchs

Friday, April 26, 2024
Author: 
Austin Wahl
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 10, 2024, Russian billionaires Petr Aven and Mikhail Fridman won their appeal in the European General Court to have their inclusion on the European Union (EU) sanctions list declared void.  The decision has provoked concern from many in the West, as the men are among the richest under Western sanctions at present and their relationship with Vladimir Putin is well-publicized. Some fear this case could prove to be seminal.

Honduras Extradites Main Drug and Weapons Supplier for MS-13 and U.S. Unseals Superseding Indictment Against High-Ranking MS Leaders

Friday, April 19, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 10, 2024, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) unsealed a superseding indictment charging David Campbell, also known as Viejo Dan and Don David, 57, of Honduras, one of the main narcotics and weapons suppliers to MS-13 in Honduras, with racketeering, narcotics, and firearms. Campbell’s initial hearing occurred before U.S. Magistrate Judge Sarah Netburn in the U.S. District Court in the Southern District of New York, the day after his extradition.

Mexico Submits Application to the UN Court Against Ecuador Over Kidnapping of Vice-President

Friday, April 19, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 11, 2024 Mexico filed an Application instituting proceedings against Ecuador before the International Court of Justice (ICJ or Court) with regard to a dispute relating to “legal questions concerning the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means and diplomatic relations, and the inviolability of a diplomatic mission." In its Application, Mexico states that, on  April 5, 2024, “[a]round 15 special operations agents” from Ecuador entered the Mexican Embassy in Quito “by forcible means and without authorization.”

Mozambique Makes Large Seizure of Elephant Ivory as Botswana Threatens to Send Elephants to Germany

Friday, April 12, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On March 22, 2024, law enforcement officials from Mozambique’s Criminal Investigation Service (SERNIC) and the Tax Authority seized a container at Maputo port that was going to Dubai and contained 651 pieces of elephant ivory hidden in a shipment of bags of corn. Officials at a leading environmental non-governmental organization are trying to motivate Mozambique and Angola to take stronger steps to prosecute ivory trafficking.

World Court Held Hearings in the Case Brought by Nicaragua Against Germany over Aiding Genocide in Gaza

Friday, April 12, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

        On April 8 and 9, 2024, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) held public hearings on the Request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by Nicaragua in the case concerning Alleged Breaches of Certain International Obligations in respect of the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Nicaragua v. Germany).

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