The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

U.S. Treasury Publishes 2024 National Risk Assessments for ML, TF, and PF

Thursday, February 22, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

                On February 7, 2024, the U.S. Department of the Treasury published the 2024 National Risk Assessments on Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing, and Proliferation Financing (NRAML).  The report highlights the most significant illicit finance threats, vulnerabilities, and risks confronting the U.S.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Treasury, Treasury Publishes 2024 National Risk Assessments for Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Proliferation Financing, Press Rel., Feb. 7, 2024.

 

GAO Highlights U.S. Agencies’ Efforts to Mitigate Risks Posed to Economic Sanctions by Digital Assets

Thursday, February 22, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

                On December 13, 2024, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report on the Use of Digital Assets to Evade U.S. Sanctions.  The GAO found that digital assets and other virtual currencies pose risks to implementing and enforcing U.S. sanctions.  A principal element of digital assets is that they enable their users to quickly transfer value worldwide.  On the one hand, many digital assets are recorded on a public ledger, which may enable U.S. agencies and analytics firms to trace transactions and potentially identify illicit actors.  However, digital asset owners also use the anonymizing features of some digital assets or other techniques that obscure their identities in an effort to evade sanctions.

DOJ Disrupts Botnet Controlled by Russian Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff

Thursday, February 22, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 15, 2024, the Department of Justice announced that through a court-authorized operation, it has neutralized a network of hundreds of small office/home office (SOHO) routers that GRU Military Unit 26165, also known as APT 28, Sofacy Group, Forest Blizzard, Pawn Storm, Fancy Bear, and Sednit, used to hide and enable a variety of crimes.[1]  The network allegedly engaged in vast spear phishing and similar credential harvesting exercises against targets of intelligence interest to the Russian government, such as U.S. and foreign governments and military, security, and corporate organizations.  In recent months a private sector cybersecurity advisory and the Ukrainian government [2] have warned of the activity of Unit 26165.

Two Filipino Nationals Executed in China after Pushback from the Filipino Government

Friday, February 16, 2024
Author: 
Justin DePrado
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On December 2, 2023, the Philippine Consulate in Guangzhou, China announced the deaths of two Filipino nationals by Chinese authorities on charges of drug trafficking. The two Filipinos were executed on November 24, 2023, ten years after their arrest.

 

U.S. Dismantles Cybercrime Malware Service and Charges Persons in Malta and Nigeria

Friday, February 16, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 9, 2024, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced that, as part of an international law enforcement initiative, U.S. law enforcement authorities in Boston seized internet domains that were employed to sell computer malware used by cybercriminals to secretly access and steal data from victims’ computers.

Kenyan Suspect in Boston Murder Case Escapes from Custody During Extradition Proceeding

Friday, February 16, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 8, 2024, Kenyan law enforcement authorities revealed that Kevin Kangethe, 42, is accused of murdering his girlfriend in Boston before fleeing to Kenya, where he escaped from a Nairobi jail, while he awaited extradition.

 

U.S. Treasury Issues Proposed Transparency Anti-Money Laundering Rule for Residential Real Estate

Friday, February 16, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 7, 2024, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to combat and prevent money laundering in the U.S. residential real estate sector by increasing transparency. 

 

U.S. Sanctions and Indicts Individuals for Iranian Sanctions Evasion

Friday, February 9, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 2, 2024, as tensions between the United States and the Iranian governments increased, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the unsealing of three federal cases as part of its efforts to combat the illicit trafficking of Iranian oil that finances Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), a designate Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO), and its Qods Force (IRGC-QF).  The latter is Iran’s main mechanism for furnishing support to terrorist organizations abroad.[1]



[1]    DOJ, Justice Department Announces Terrorism and Sanctions-Evasion Charges and Seizures Linked to Illicit, Billion-Dollar Global Oil Trafficking Network that Finances Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Its Malign Activities, Feb. 2, 2024.

 

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