The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Montana Man Pleads Guilty to Lacey Act Violations for Cloning Mountain Sheep from Central Asia

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 12, 2024, a Montana man pleaded guilty to two felony wildlife crimes – a conspiracy to violate the Lacey Act and substantively violating the Lacey Act.  The charges resulted from activities that occurred for approximately a decade to develop giant sheep hybrids in the United States with the purpose of selling the species to captive hunting facilities.[1]

Romania Agrees to Extradite Tates to the UK After Romania Trial

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 12, 2024, a Bucharest court approved the extradition of Andrew and Tristan Tate to the United Kingdom to answer charges of sexual aggression.  The court ruled that the Tate brothers will only be extradited to the U.K. after their trial in Romania on separate charges of human trafficking, rape, and participating in a criminal group to sexually exploit women concludes.[1]

U.S. District Court in Arizona Allows Mexico to Continue Suit Against Gun Dealers

Friday, March 29, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 25, 2024, a U.S. District Court in Arizona denied the motion to dismiss by five gun dealers. It ruled that the Government of Mexico could continue its lawsuit to hold the gun dealers liable for allegedly facilitating gun trafficking from the U.S. into Mexico and causing substantial gun violence in Mexico.

European Parliament Adopts Directive on Asset Recovery and Confiscation

Friday, March 22, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

On March 13, 2024, the European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive on asset recovery and confiscation. [1]



[1]    European Parliament, European Parliament legislative resolution of 13 March 2024 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on asset recovery and confiscation.

 

EU Issues Revised List of Non-Cooperative Tax Jurisdictions

Friday, March 22, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

On February 20, 2024, the Council of the European Union issued a revised list of non-cooperative jurisdictions for tax purposes, which includes American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Fiji, Guam, Palau, Panama, the Russian Federation, Samoa, Trinidadand Tobago, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Vanuatu.[1]



[1]    Council of the European Union, The Council conclusions on the revised EU list of non-cooperative jurisdictions for tax purposes, 6776./24, FISC 40 ECOFIN 217, Feb. 20, 2024.

 

Lawsuits Alleging Genocide Challenge Foreign Policy on Israel in the U.S. and Abroad

Friday, March 22, 2024
Author: 
Kenneth Boggess*
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

In the West, advocacy groups and families of Palestinian victims of Israeli violence in Gaza are mobilizing through judicial channels to challenge foreign policy pertaining to aiding the Israeli state and military.  The outcomes have yielded mixed results, but the cases signal efforts to exercise control over foreign policy by using the judiciary to regulate executive actions.  Two recent cases in the U.S. and the Netherlands highlight the successes, shortcomings, and broader effects of these efforts.

 

ICC Issues Arrest Warrants For Top Russian Commanders

Friday, March 22, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

       On March 5, 2024, Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued warrants of arrest for two suspects, Mr. Sergei Ivanovich Kobylash and Mr. Viktor Nikolayevich Sokolov, for alleged war crimes committed in Ukraine between October 2022 and March 2023.

       The two arrest warrants come two years after the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) opened an investigation into the situation in Ukraine, and one year following the issuance of the warrants against Vladimir Putin and Maria Lvova-Belova for their role in the abduction of Ukrainian children (as war crimes and crimes against humanity).[1]

European Union Criminalizes Violation and Circumvention of the Union Sanctions

Friday, March 22, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

 On March 12, 2024, the European Parliament approved new rules to harmonize the enforcement of EU sanctions across member states.

       With 543 votes in favor, 45 against, and 27 abstentions, the European Parliament has adopted a directive, agreed with member states, on criminalizing the violation and circumvention of EU sanctions. It will introduce a common definition of, and minimum penalties for, violations.

       After the vote, rapporteur Sophie in’t Veld (Renew, the Netherlands) said: “The Russian invasion benefits from crooks breaking the law in Europe. They must be caught, and forum shopping must stop.”[1]

U.S. Arrests Florida Man for Tax Evasion and False Statements Relating to Swiss Accounts

Friday, March 15, 2024
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

On March 11, 2024, the United States Department of Justice announced the unsealing of a criminal complaint in the Southern District of Florida charging a Florida man with conspiring to defraud the U.S. by hiding income and assets offshore pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 371and with making a false statement to the IRS pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(3).[1]



[1]    United States v. Dan Rotta, U.S. District Court S.D. Fla., Case No. 1:24-mj-02479-Reid, Criminal Complaint, Mar. 11, 2024.

 

European Parliament Calls for the Return of Romanian National Treasure Illegally Appropriated by Russia

Friday, March 15, 2024
Author: 
Michael Plachta*
Volume: 
40
Issue: 
3
Abstract: 

On March 14, 2024, the European Parliament adopted an unprecedented resolutionon the return of Romanian national treasure illegally appropriated by Russia. The Parliament, in a historic vote, has approved a motion submitted by the Romanian MEPs and passed a resolution, through which MEPs have nearly unanimously asked that Russia return Romania’s treasure and that the EU executive and other competent European institutions do everything possible to support this approach.[1]

 

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