The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

U.S. Corporation Sentenced for Importing Illegal Amazonian Wood from Peru

Friday, September 10, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On September 3, 2021, Global Plywood and Lumber Trading LLC (Global Plywood) received a sentence for importing illegally-sourced timber from the Peruvian Amazon into the United States in violation of the Lacey Act.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Corporation Sentenced for Importing Illegally-Sourced Wood from the Amazon, Press Rel. No. 21-836, Sept. 3, 2021.

 

Director and Promoter of BitConnect Pleads Guilty in $2 Bn Cryptocurrency Scheme and SEC Brings Complaint

Friday, September 10, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

                On September 1, 2031, Glenn Arcaro of Los Angeles pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in San Diego for his participation in a massive conspiracy involving BitConnect, a cryptocurrency investment scheme, which defrauded investors from the United States and abroad of over $2 billion.  U.S. law enforcement believes the BitConnect scheme is the largest cryptocurrency fraud ever charged criminally.[1] In a parallel action, on September 1, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced civil charges against Arcaro and three others in connection with the same conduct.[2]



[1]    U.S. Attorneys Office Southern District of California, Director and Promoter of BitConnect Pleads Guilty in Global $2 Billion Cryptocurrency Scheme, Press Rel., Sept. 1, 2021.

[2]   SEC v. BitConnect, U.S. Dist. Court, S.D.N.Y., COMPLAINT 21 Civ. 7349 (     ).  For the complaint see chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/viewer.html?pdfurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sec.gov%2Flitigation%2Fcomplaints%2F2021%2Fcomp-pr2021-172.pdf&clen=...  for a predecessor action see SEC v. Trevon Brown et al, U.S. District Court, S.D.N.Y.,  Complaint 21 Civ. 4791, May 28, 2021 chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/viewer.html?pdfurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sec.gov%2Flitigation%2Fcomplaints%2F2021%2Fcomp-pr2021-90.pdf&clen=4....

 

Mexican Government Sues U.S. Arms Manufacturers for Illicit Trafficking in Arms

Tuesday, August 31, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 4, 2021, the Mexican government filed a civil lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in the District of Massachusetts against six gun manufacturers and one wholesaler in the United States, alleging they have violated U.S. state and federal laws and Mexican laws concerning arms trafficking.  The 139-page complaint alleges that the gun manufacturers design assault-weapons for distribution to narcotics cartels and transnational organized crime groups in Mexico.[1]



[1]    Estados Unidos Mexicanos v. Smith-Wesson Brands, Inc. et al., U.S. Dist. Ct., D. Mass, Case 1:21-cv-11269, Complaint, Aug. 4, 2021 https://apps.npr.org/documents/document.html?id=21037879-mexican-comp.

 

ECOWAS Demands Answers in Alleged Detention of Mali’s Former Interim Leaders

Monday, August 30, 2021
Author: 
Marwah Adhoob
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

Ex-leader Mali leaders Moctar Ouane and Bah Ndaw are allegedly detained without cause. The West Africa court of justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is now demanding answers. [1]



[1] West Africa: ECOWAS Demands Justification for Detention of Mali's Former Interim Leaders, All Africa, Aug. 21,2021, https://allafrica.com/stories/202108230023.html

 

Qatar Imprisons Kenyan for Blogging about Low-Income Kenyan Migrants Work Conditions in Qatar

Friday, August 27, 2021
Author: 
Marwah Adhoob
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

In May 2021, Qatar discovered that a Kenyan security guard, Malcolm Bidali, was publishing blogs about migrant work conditions in Qatar. He was held in solitary confinement for three weeks with no access to legal representation and was later released in June. After his release, Qatar charged him with stealing foreign money and spreading disinformation. [1]

 



[1] Areeb Ullah, Qatar: Kenyan rights activist forced to pay thousands in fines to leave country, Middle East Eye, August 20, 2021, https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/qatar-kenya-rights-activist-forced-pay-leave-country.

 

Justice Department Approves Return of Over $32 Million in Forfeited Funds to FIFA Victims

Thursday, August 26, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 24, 2021, the United States Department of Justice announced it will start returning forfeited funds to FIFA, the world organizing body of soccer; CONCACAF, the confederation responsible for soccer governance in North and Central America, among other regions; CONMEBOL, the confederation responsible for soccer governance in South America; and various constituent national soccer federations responsible for soccer governance in South America; and various constituent national soccer federations (collectively, the “Victims”).  The DOJ granted a joint petition for remission filed by the Victims, recognizing losses and granting remission up to a total of more than $201 million.  The DOJ has approved $32.3 million in forfeited funds for an initial distribution.  The amounts approved for remission have been seized and have been or are expected to be forfeited to the U.S. in the Eastern District of New York as part of the government’s investigation and prosecution in international soccer.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Justice Department Approves Remission of Over $32 Million in Forfeited Funds to Victims in the FIFA Corruption Case, Press Rel. 21-795, Aug. 24, 2021.

 

U.S. Indictments and Interpol Pursue International Enterprise and Individuals Involved in Online Sexual Exploitation

Wednesday, August 25, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

In August 2021, U.S. indictments against an international enterprise based in Florida, a man in southern California, and collaboration by countries with Interpol’s International Child Sexual Exploitation (ICSE) database has led to the arrest by Guatemalan law enforcement of a suspected prolific child sexual abuser.

The UK and U.S. Sanction Russian Agents and Entities over Alexei Navalny Poisoning

Wednesday, August 25, 2021
Author: 
Marwah Adhoob
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 20, 2021, the United Kingdom imposed sanctions on seven Russian agents for their involvement in poisoning Alexei Navalny, a Russian political oppositionist and anti-corruption figure. These sanctions come on the anniversary of Navalny’s poisoning on August 20, 2020. He was poisoned with a Novichok nerve agent that left him hospitalized and in critical condition. [1]

 



[1] UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office and The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP, UK sanctions Russian FSB operatives over poisoning of Alexey Navalny, Press Rel., https://www.gov.uk/government/news/russia-uk-sanctions-fsb-operatives-ov....

 

Closure of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon Raises Questions about International Tribunals

Friday, August 20, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

                On June 2 and 3, 2021, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) announced that, due to an unprecedented financial crisis, it would not be able to conclude the judicial proceedings in the two cases currently before the Tribunal and would not be able to operate beyond July 2021.  The Tribunal also suspended all decisions on filings presently before it and any future filings until further notice.[1]



[1]    STL, Severe financial crisis threatens the STL’s ability to fulfil the mandate, June 2, 2021; STL, Start of trial in the Ayyash case on June 16 canceled due to lack of funds, June 3, 2021.

 

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