The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Human Rights Group Sues UK Foreign Secretary Over Drone Attack

A Pakistani villager, Noor Khan, working with the charity Reprieve and law firm Leigh Day and Co., is suing the British Foreign Secretary, William Hague, over a U.S. drone strike that killed the villager's father.  Mr. Khan is alleging that the Foreign Secretary provided the necessary intelligence to the United States, which proceeded to launch a drone strike on the village, allegedly killing 40 people in March 2011.  U.S. drones have targeted Pakistan numerous times in the past several years, and Mr.

U.S. Agrees to Accelerate Transfer Prisoners to Afghanistan

On March 9, 2012, the United States government agreed to significantly accelerate the transfer of detained insurgents to Afghan government control while ratainining a veto over the ones that can be released.  The memorandum of understanding gives Afghanistan immediate control of detainees officially.  However, it provides for a six-month period of transition to full Afghan control of the detainees.

Stanford Convicted in $7 billion Ponzi Scheme

R. Allen Stanford, the former billionaire financier, has been convicted of defrauding his investors of over $7 billion over 20 years, and now faces the prospect of up to 230 years in prison.  Stanford, who was once worth $2 billion, has had his considerable personal assets seized by the court.  A civil trial, in which prosecutors hope to seize his remaining assets in accounts in Switzerland, Britain, and Canada, also begins this week, but is not expected to last long.

CAMPO

U.S. Attorney General Justifies the Right to Target and Kill U.S. Citizens in Wartime Scenario

On March 5, 2012, speaking on law and national security at Northwestern Law School, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder justified the use of lethal force under international law and the U.S. Constitution to protect the country from any imminent threat of violent attack.  He explained the U.S. government's use of lethal force in self defense against a leader of al Qaeda or an associated force who presents an imminent threat of violent attack would not be lawful and hence it would not violate the Executive Order banning assassination or criminal statutes.

Spain Orders Murbarak Crony Extradited to Egypt on Corruption Charges

On March 2, 2012, Spain's National Court ordered the extradition to Egypt of Hussein Salem, an associate of former President Hosni Mubarak, along with his son. Khaled.

In June 2012, Mr. Salem, his son Khaled, and Ali Evsen,  a Turkish businessman who is alleged to have formed the companies used to send money from Egypt to Spain..

Spanish authorities also froze $47 million in his accounts and seized homes worth $14 million, including seven in Marbella, Spain, in Andalucia (southern Spain). 

U.S. Does Not Make Ultimate Appeal on Portuguese Court's Denial of Extradition Request for George Wright

On February 29, 2012,  a senior judge of the Portuguese Constitutional Court said that the case concerning the U.S. government's extradition request for George Wright is over since the U.S. government did not make its final appeal to the Constitutional Court.

As a result, Portugal will not  extradite fugitive George Wright to the United States for crimes he committed there four decades ago.

Spanish 2012 Tax and Customs Plan Will Use Criminal Sanctions against Underground Economy and Fraud Using Tax Havens

On March 1, 2012, the Spanish Ministry of Finance issued its Annual Plan of Tax and Customs.  It focused on the main goals:

1. Investigation of tax and customs fraud;
2. Control of fraud in the collection phase;
3. Collaboration with tax administration of the autonomous communities (i.e., other Spanish states).

The plan will target the dismantling of the underground economy which imports and sells goods from third countries, especially Asia.

ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for Sudanese Minister of Defense

On  March 1, 2012, Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant of arrest against the Sudanese Minister of Defense, Mr Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein (“Hussein”) for 41 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed in the context of the situation in Darfur (Sudan). Mr Hussein was  formerly the  Minister of the Interior and former Sudanese President’s Special Representative inDarfur.

25 Anonymous Hackers Arrested in INTERPOL-supported Operation

INTERPOL has recently announced that it helped coordinate a multi-continent operation which resulted in the arrest of 25 individuals linked to the hacking group Anonymous.  Police operating in Chile, Argentina, Colombia, and Spain, cooperating though INTERPOL's Latin American Working Group of Experts on IT Crime, conducted arrests in 15 cities across South American and Europe.  Anonymous has raised its profile in recent months by attacking several corporate and government websites, including that of the Colombian Ministry of Defense.  In response to the arrests, the INTERPOL website was temporarily taken down by Anonymous, but it was quickly restored.

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