The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Eni S.P.A. Charged Again for Violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Miranda Bannister
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On April 17, 2020 the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that the Italian multinational oil company Eni S.p.A. had agreed to settle charges that it had violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act in Algeria between 2007 and 2010.   The SEC charged the company, whose ADRs are listed on the New York Stock Exchange, with violating the books and records provision of the FCPA.  Details of the case resemble Eni's alleged violations of the FCPA in Nigeria in 2010, suggesting a pattern within the company and highlighting the high risk of corruption in the extractive industries.

Board of Immigration Denies Alien’s Asylum Request on Basis of Interpol Red Notice

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On March 6, 2020, the Board of Immigration Appeals dismissed an appeal from a decision dated August 16, 2019, when an Immigration Judge denied the respondent’s applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.  The decision determined that serious reasons exist to believe that the respondent alien had committed a serious nonpolitical crime prior to arriving in the United States.[1]

4th Circuit Court of Appeals Permits Emoluments Case against Trump to Continue

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On May 14, 2020, the United States Court of Appeals, sitting en banc, by a  9-6 decision, overturned the decision of a smaller panel of the court, to allow the case to continue.[1] The District of Columbia and the State of Maryland (“Respondents”) filed the action in the District of Maryland against the President in his official capacity. 

French Arrest Suspect in Rwandan Atrocities

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On May 16, 2020, French law enforcement authorities arrested Félicien Kabuga, a fugitive for 26 years who was an important figure in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.  The arrest was part of a joint investigation between French authorities and the United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT).[1]

U.K. Extradites Found and CEO of Iranian Financial Services Firm to the U.S.

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On May 18, 2020, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the unsealing of a six-count indictment against Seyed Sajjad Shahidian, 33, Vahid Vali, 33, and PAYMENT24 for engaging in financial transactions in violation of U.S. sanctions against Iran.  The indictment charges the defendants with conspiracy to commit offenses against and to defraud the United States, wire fraud, money laundering, and identity theft.[1]

World Bank Debars Manufacturing Company for Fraud Involving Water Project

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Esther Bouquet
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On April 29, 2020, The World Bank debarred a manufacturing company, Mega-Mebiko JV LLC, for fraud involving the Syrdarya Water Project. Mega-Mebiko JV LLC, located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, is a small construction and vehicle repairs business. The company reportedly “misrepresented financial information, experience claims, and falsely stated that it had no conflicts of interest to win a project-financed contract, which are fraudulent practices under the World Bank Procurement Guidelines.”[1]

International Organizations Work to Prevent and Prosecute Covid-19 Financial Crimes

Saturday, May 23, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Abstract: 

As the frauds and related crimes from Covid-19 occur, international organizations worldwide are providing guidance and assistance to their members to prevent, investigate, and prosecute crimes arising from the pandemic.  This article looks in particular at the efforts of the Egmont Group, IOSCO, and Eurojust.

U.S. Commerce Department Announces Significant Restrictions on Exports, with an Increased Scrutiny on China, Russia, and Venezuela

Saturday, May 16, 2020
Author: 
Cynthia Arrambide
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On April 27, 2020, the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) issued new export control measures devised to enforce further restrictions on exports and technology transfers to China, Russia, Venezuela.[1] Two final rules and a proposed rule are expected to prevent efforts by the aforementioned countries in acquiring U.S. goods and technology for military and intelligence operations. 

International Crackdown Leads to the Confiscation of 19,000 Artifacts and 101 Arrests

Saturday, May 16, 2020
Author: 
Alexandra Haris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
5
Abstract: 

On May 6, 2020, INTERPOL announced that more than 19,000 artifacts and other artworks (including a Colombian gold mask, a carved Romanian lion, and thousands of ancient coins) had been recovered during two operations.[1] These operations, Athena II and Pandora IV, included INTERPOL, Europol, and the World Customs Organization (WCO) and spanned 103 countries to focus on the dismantlement of international criminal networks of art and antiquities traffickers. 

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