The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Brazil Adds Criminal Charges in Chevron Oil Spill Case

Brazil has filed criminal charges against Chevron and Transocean in response to their failure to properly halt or prevent a 3,000 barrel leak from an oil rig off the coast of Rio de Janeiro.  Brazil had previously filed an $11 billion civil lawsuit against the two companies in response to the same leak.  The charges, though unlikely to result in jail time for Chevron or Transocean executives, serve as a warning to other oil companies operating recklessly in Brazil.   

Future IELR articles will discuss the comparative criminal law issues in how the United States and Brazil have dealt with major oil spills by some of the same companies.

SEC Concludes Enforcement Cooperation Agreements with EU and Cayman

On March 22, 2012, the Securities and Exchange Commission today announced that it has established comprehensive arrangements with the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA) and the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) as part of long-term strategy to improve the oversight of regulated entities that operate across national borders.

OAS Hosts High-Level Hemispheric Meeting against Transnational Organized Crime

On March 2, 2012, the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), José Miguel Insulza, participated  in the closing session of the High-Level Hemispheric Meeting against Transnational Organized Crime held in Mexico City, during which he called upon States "not to give in to the magnitude of the work in the fight against the scourge of transnational crime; nor be seduced by the supposedly easy short-term solutions, and above all never surrender to the enemy or reconcile with him.” The meeting began yesterday at the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign A

Libya, ICC Clash Over Seif al-Islam el-Qaddafi

Libyan officials recently restated their determination to try Seif al-Islam, the son and former heir-apparent to Muammar Qaddafi, at home, rather than allow the International Criminal Court (ICC) to try him abroad.  Despite having no effective police force, court system, or detention facilities, the Libyan interim government has protested the involvement of the ICC, for fear that Seif al-Islam will be tried in The Hague or elsewhere.

Sudanese Defense Minister Attends Libyan Conference Despite Recent ICC Arrest Warrant

On March 12, 2012, the Sudanese Defense Minister, Abdel-Rahim Mohammed Hussein attended a regional conference in Tripoli, Libya, despite the recent arrest warrant issued to him by the International Criminal Court (ICC). The judges of the ICC issued the warrant after deciding there was ample evidence to find him responsible for 20 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes in Darfur, Sudan between 2003-2004. United States officials criticized the Libyan government for negotiating with Hussein given his status in the ICC.

ICC Convicts Congolese Rebel in Landmark Ruling

In the first ruling of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in its 10 year history, the court has convicted Thomas Lubanga, a rebel from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of recruiting children as soldiers.  Tens of thousands of people have died in the Congo in recent years, and the ICC ruling goes a long way in establishing the use of children in war as a war crime.  The ruling also solidifies the court's status as an arbiter of international law.

U.S. Attorney General Speaks at President's Interagency Task Force on Trafficking in Persons

On March 15, 2012, Attorney General Eric Holder spoke at the President's Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.

Holder said that he was proud that in 2012 the U.S. charged nearly 120 defendants – a record number – in human trafficking cases. Additionally over the last three years, the U.S. has  achieved significant increases in human trafficking prosecutions – including a rise of more than 30 percent in the number of forced labor and adult sex trafficking prosecutions.

Bizjet International Sales and Support Inc. Agrees to Pay $11.8 Million in FCPA Deferred Prosecution Agreement

On March 14, 2012, BizJet International Sales and Support Inc., a provider of aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services based in Tulsa, Okla., agreed to pay an $11.8 million criminal penalty to settle charges related to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) for bribing government officials in Latin America to secure contracts to perform aircraft MRO services for government agencies, announced Assistant Attorney General Lanny A. Breuer of the Criminal Division.

Russian Opposition Leaders Call for the Repeal of Cold War-era Trade Sanction

Russian opposition leaders endorsed President Obama’s request to repeal a Cold War-era trade sanction on March 12, 2012. This sanction, known as the Jackson-Vanik trade amendment, was established in 1974 and was intended to make it easier for Jews to emigrate to other countries after the Soviet Union forbid Jewish emigration. If the sanction is not repealed by the time Russia joins the World Trade Organization (WTO) in a few months, the United States will violate the organization’s rules and regulations. This violation would result in the levying of heavy tariffs on United States businesses, leading to the loss of millions of dollars in revenue.

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