The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

OCC Issues Cease and Desist Order against Citibank N.A. for Anti-Money Laundering Violations

On April 5, 2012, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued a cease and desist order against Citibank, N.A., Sioux Falls, South Dakota, for violating the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and its underlying regulations.

The order requires the bank to take comprehensive corrective actions to improve its BSA compliance program.

Swiss Issue Arrest Warrants for German Tax Inspectors

The Swiss Government has issued arrest warrants for 3 German tax officials accused of stealing a CD containing information on possible tax evaders.  Switzerland is also demanding the extradition of the officials, though the German government is unlikely to cooperate.  The information contained on the CD has led to over 1,000 prosecutions of potential German tax-evaders who were using Swiss banks.

ICC Declines to Investigate Israel for 2002 Alleged War Crimes in Palestine

Since 2009, the Palestinian Minister of Government has asked the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague to extend their jurisdiction to Israel's alleged war crimes in Gaza.  However, Palestine's lack of statehood prevents it from bringing cases to the ICC.  This week, the ICC Chief Prosecutor stated that the question of Palestine's statehood is one for the UN, not the ICC.  The ICC has declined to pursue an investigation into alleged war crimes commited by Israel against Palestine in 2002.

US Improves International Tax Enforcement by Confirming Assistant Attorney General for the Tax Division and Approving for Ratification 3 Tax Treaties

On March 29, 2012, the U.S. Senate improved potential for U.S. international tax enforcement by confirming the nominations of . the confirmation of Kathryn Keneally as Assistant Attorney General for the Tax Division and Michael E. Horowitz as Inspector General for the Justice Department as well as approving the income tax treaty with Hungary and the protocols to the income tax treaties with Switzerland and Luxembourg.

World Bank Releases Report on Illegal Logging

The World Bank has released a report, Justice for Forests: Improving Criminal Justice Efforts to Combat Illegal Logging, which details how law enforcement can effectively prevent illegal logging by tracing the illegal profits of logging rather than focusing solely on local prevention.  The report outlines part of the problem, in that the massive profits stemming from illegal logging are used to pay off local officials and politicans.  The report also cites organized criminal groups as those chiefly responsible for illegal logging operations, and notes that they can most effectively be targeted through money laundering investigations.

The entire report is available here.

US Department of Justice Resource Problems Limit International Tax Enforcement Efforts

As a result of resource shortages, the U.S. Department of Justice Tax Dvision has detailed for six months 30% (25 of 95) of its prosecutors to U.S. Attorneys offices.  Another three took permanent assignments.  A Bloomberg article has called attention to the detailing of DOJ Tax Division attorneys.

U.S., EU Reach Agreement Over Air Passenger Data

The European Parliament and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security have reached a preliminary deal on the sharing of air passenger information.  The agreement resolved the handling of Passenger Name Records (PNRs), the personal information collected by airlines during the reservation process.  The information will now be stored in a database for five years, before being moved to a dormant database for up to ten years, subject to stricted controls.  The information would be used to help governments prevent terrorism or transnational crimes.  The deal will go into effect once the entire European Parliament votes on the issue.

Coutts & Co. Fined for AML Violations

Coutts & Co., a private U.K. bank, was fined on March 26th, 2012, by the Financial Services Authority (FSA), for violating money laundering rules. Politically exposed persons (PEPs) were not subjected to sufficient checks, a key requirement in anti money laundering rules.   The FSA, which is conducting an industry-wide review of money laundering rules, found fault with Coutts on nearly two thirds of its files for PEPs.  

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