Mexico – United States extradition relations since 1994

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Friday, January 13, 2023
Roger Labardini

With a porous long border, Mexico and the U.S.A. have a long history on how to deal with crime that goes beyond their respective borders. To pursue fugitives charged with committing criminal acts in their territory but that have crossed the border, both neighbors have gone through periods of hesitance, distrust, skepticism, and suspicion, to periods of trust, confidence and institution building. They have had to devise mechanisms and alternatives, through mutual understanding, respect of the rule of law and sovereignty, and above all, constant dialogue. It has been cooperation amidst confrontation in order to attain justice in their respective legal systems. Nonetheless, today there are voices which consider the relationship as going through a 15-year low.[1]

[1]  For a discussion of the deterioration of bilateral enforcement cooperation from the perspective of outgoing U.S. Attorney General, see William P. Barr, One Damn Thing After Another: Memoirs of an Attorney General, Chapter 15 (Fighting the Drug Cartels), William Morrow/Harper Collins Publishers (2022). Also see Claire Seelke and Joshua Klein, Congressional Research Service (CRS), Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations, Updated March 21, 2022, CRS R42917, March 21, 2022, at 18, available at, retrieved Dec. 5, 2022.