The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

“Colonel of Colonels” in Darfur Conflict Surrenders Himself to the ICC

Thursday, July 30, 2020
Author: 
Afrah Tahir
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On June 9, 2020, Sudanese Militia leader Ali Abd Al-Rahman, also known as Ali Kousayb, surrendered himself to International Crime Court (ICC) authorities. The event occurred thirteen years after the warrant for his arrest was first issued, on April 27, 2007. Koushayb’s alleged crimes occurred between 2003 and 2004 during the Darfur conflict as part of his involvement in the counter-insurgency efforts of the Sudanese government. Koushayb’s trial will be the first ever trial held for crimes committed during this conflict. [1]



[1] Peter Beaumont, Notorious Sudanese militia chief in Darfur conflict arrested in CAR, THE GUARDIAN, Jun, 09, 2020, [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/09/notorious-sudanese-militia-chief-in-darfur-conflict-arrested-in-car].

 

Malaysia and Goldman Sachs Reach Settlement over 1MDB Scandal

Thursday, July 30, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On July 24, 2020, Malaysia and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. concluded a settlement agreement to resolve the criminal investigation by Malaysia into Goldman Sach’s role in diverting money from 1MDB. The settlement requires Goldman Sachs to pay $3.9 billion.[1]



[1]    Elffie Chew, Yantoultra Ngui and Sridhar Natarajan, Goldman’s 1MDB Fiasco Nears End With $3.9 Billion Malaysia Pact, Bloomberg News, July24, 2020.

 

 

U.S. Task Force Brings Several Criminal Cases against MS-13 Operatives

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 15, 2020, President Donald J. Trump and Attorney General William P. Barr announced several indictments related to Joint Task Force Vulcan (JTFV), an initiative started in August 2019 aimed at disrupting, dismantling, and ultimately destroying MS-13.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, The Department of Justice Announces Takedown of Key MS-13 Criminal Leadership, Press Rel. 20-657, July 15, 2020.

 

 

U.S. Brings Civil Forfeiture Case against Property of Former Gambian President

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

                On July 15, 2020, the United States Department of Justice brought a civil forfeiture complaint,[1] demanding the forfeiture of a mansion in Potomac, Maryland on the outskirts of Washington, D.C. Yahya Jammeh, the former president of The Gambia, acquired the property with approximately $3.5 million in corruption proceeds through a trust established by his wife Zineb Jammeh.[2]



[1]    United States v. Real Property Located in Potomac, Maryland, Commonly Known As 9908 Bentcross Drive, Potomac, Md 20854 et al, U.S. District Court for the D. of Maryland, Case 8:20-cv-02071, Verified Complaint for Civil Forfeiture in Rem, July 15, 2020 https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1294611/download.

 

[2]    U.S. Department of Justice, Department of Justice Seeks Recovery of Approximately $3.5 Million in Corruption Proceeds Linked to Ex-President of The Gambia, Press Rel., July 15, 2020.

 

 

EU Expresses Deep Concern Over Growing U.S. Unilateral Sanctions against EU Interests

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 17, 2020, European Union High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell made a statement on United States sanctions.[1] The sharp criticism is the latest shot across the bow of U.S. unilateral sanctions.



[1]    European Union, Statement by the High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell on US sanctions, July 17, 2020 https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/83105/statement-high-representativevice-president-josep-borrell-us-sanctions_en.

 

 

 

UAE Cigarette Supplier Enters DPA with U.S. for N. Korean Sanctions Violations

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 16, 2020, Essentra FZE Company Limited (Essentra FZE), a global supplier of cigarette products, which is incorporated in the United Arab Emirates, entered into a deferred prosecution agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) for conspiring to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) and defrauding the United States in connection with evading sanctions on North Korea.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Essentra Fze Admits to North Korean Sanctions and Fraud Violations, Agrees to Pay Fine, Press Rel. 20-663, July 16, 2020.

 

 

Cyprus Extradites to the U.S. National for Computer Hacking and Hezbollah Suspect for Money Laundering

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 18, 2020, Cyprus extradited two individuals to the United States in unrelated cases. The most important for Cyprus was the extradition of Joshua Polloso Epifaniou, 21, a resident of Nicosia, Cyprus.  He is the first Cypriot national that Cyprus has ever extradited to the U.S. The second case concerned Ghassan Diab, 37 a Lebanese citizen, wanted in Florida for conspiring to engage in, and actually engaging in, laundering of drug proceeds through the black market peso exchange in support of Hezbollah’s global criminal-support network.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Two Alleged Criminals – A Hezbollah Associated Narco-Money Launderer and a Computer Hacker – Extradited from Cyprus to the United States, Press Rel. 20-671, July 18, 2020.

 

 

Spain Extradites Former Pemex Official to Mexico to Face Corruption Chargess Former Pemex Official to Mexico to Face Corruption Charges

Saturday, July 25, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 17, 2020, Emilio Lozoya, former CEO of Mexico’s oil company Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) arrived in Mexico after Spain extradited him on corruption-related charges. Upon his arrival, a medical expert detected that he suffered from anemia and general weakness due to his esophagus. As a result, he was brought to a hospital and was being treated and remained under strict watch by the police.[1]



[1]    Mexican Attorney General’s Office (Fiscalía General de la República), Press release 225/20, July 17, 2020.

 

 

U.S. Department of Justice and Securities & Exchange Commission Issue 2nd Edition of FCPA Resource Guide

Thursday, July 16, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On July 3, 2020, the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released the 133-page A Resource Guide to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (hereafter “Guide”) (Second Edition 2020).[1] The Guide contains detailed information and analysis regarding the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and related enforcement. Experts at the DOJ and SEC have worked extensively on the guide. Professionals at the Departments of Commerce and State have also contributed to the guide. The Guide tries to provide useful information to the public, including practitioners and enterprises of all shapes and sizes—from small businesses transacting abroad for the first time to multinational corporations with subsidiaries around the world.



[1]     Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Enforcement Division of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, FCPA: A Resource Guide to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Second Edition (2020) https://www.justice.gov/criminal-fraud/file/1292051/download.

 

               

 

 

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