The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

DOJ Issues Opinion: Non-Sports Betting Online Gaming Does Not Violate the Wire Act

On December 23, 2011, the U.S. Department of Justice released an opinion issued on Sember 20, 2011, by Virginia A. Seitz, the Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division.  The13-page opinion concludes that "interstate transmissions of wire communications that do not relate to a "sporting event or contest," 18 U.S.C.Sec. 1084(a), fall outside the reach of the Wire Act."  The opinion responded to inquiries by the States of Illinois and New York about whether the Wire Act may prohibit States from conducting in-state lottery transactions via the Internet if the transmissions over the Internet during the transaction crossed State lines, and may also limit States' abilities to transmit lottery data to out-of-state transaction processors.

Although the opinion is limited to the inquiries about state lotteries, it sets the possibilities that all kinds of online gaming from outside the U.S. can occur, especially in view of the WTO decision in favor of Antigua and Barbuda against the U.S.

The DOJ decision caused stocks of online gaming companies to rise.

International Enforcement Law Reporter--Volume 28, Issue 2, February 2012

The IELR has released its latest issue, Volume 28, Issue 2, February 2012.

Especially of interest to our readers may be "Former Ivory Coast President Transferred to the ICC," on page 49, "Review of the UK's Extradition Arrangements" on page 52, and "Europol Supports French Police Against Russian-Speaking Mafia" on page 77.

If you wish to recieve all past and future issues of the IELR, subscribe here.   

Human Rights Brief

The American University Washington College of Law has released Volume 19, Issue 1 (Fall 2011) of Human Rights Brief, a journal covering several topics in international law.  Of interest in this edition are articles on a potential court to handle war crimes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a tribunal in Lebanon defining terrorism, and recent developments with the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. 

Alleged ICE Agent Killer Extradited to U.S.

Julian Zapata Espinoza, a Mexican national, has been extradited from Mexico to the United States.  Mr. Espinoza will face charges for the murder of ICE Special Agent Jaime Zapata and the attempted murder of ICE Special Agent Victor Avila.  Several U.S. and Mexican agencies participated in the investigation, highlighting both the close cooperation between the two governments and the escalating violence resulting from Mexico's crackdown on drug trafficking.

Rwandan Rebel Released by ICC

Callixte Mbarushimana, a Rwandan accused of leading attacks against villages in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2009, has been ordered to be released by the International Criminal Court (ICC).  Prosecutors are expected to appeal the ruling.

Citation: Associated Press,The Hague: Prosecutors Lose  Appeal To Retain Rwandan Suspect, The New York Times, December 20, 2011.

Venezuela Delivers Colombian Drug Trafficker to U.S.

Venezuelan officials deported Maximiliano Bonilla Orozco, a drug-trafficker on Colombia's most-wanted list, to the United States to face trial.  Bonilla had ties to Mexico's Zetas cartel, and was highly sought after by the United States.  This move, along with the deportation of another high-ranking trafficker, may improve the anti-narcotics relationship between the United States and Venezuela.

Citation: Associated Press, Venezuela hands over alleged drug lord to U.S., The Washington Post, December 16, 2011.

ICC Assemby of States Names Gambian as New Prosecutor

On December 12, the Assembly  of States by acclamation names a lawyer from gamibia, Fatou bensouda, the new chief prosecutor of the International Court of Justice.  The election comes as the ICC is adjudicating six cases involving Afria (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, Uganda, the Ivory Coast, Sudan, and Libya), in which women are often the victims.

Her election also comes as the ICC has pressed  Malawi to the UN Security Council for their failure to arrest and surrender Sudanese President Omar Al-bashir during his visits to both countries. 

The fact that Ms. Bensouda has served as deputy chief prosecutor has brings continuity, which is useful since she is only the second chief prosecutor for the ICC.

IELR Editor Bruce Zagaris to Teach Class on Financial Crimes and Institutional Security

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Bruce Zagaris will teach a graduate class at Thomas Jefferson School of Law on Financial Crimes and Institutional Security.  The course will run from January 11, 2012, to February 22.  The class is an advanced course in criminal law and institutional security that concentrates on the prevention, detection and prosecution of fraud and other financial crimes.  More information can be found at the Thomas Jefferson School of Law website.

U.S. Senate to Debate Russian Sanctions

The U.S. Senate is scheduled to debate a bill sanctioning Russia over human rights abuses, in particular the death of anti-corruption lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who died in prison due to lack of medical care.  The sanctions included in the bill would impact the visa and financial status of certain Russian officials linked to Magnitsky's death and other abuses.  The IELR published an article on this subject in October, 2011.

Citation: Kathy Lally, Senate holds Russia, Magnitsky bill hearing, The Washington Post, December 13, 2011.

Noriega Sent to Prison in Panama

Manuel Noriega, the ex-dictator of Panama, has been transferred from a prison in France to one in Panama.  Noriega was ousted from power when U.S. troops invaded Panama and arrested him in 1990. He has served prison terms in France and the U.S., and will likely spend the rest of his life incarcerated in his home country.  

Citation: Associated Press, Noriega Returns home to prison, The Washington Post, December 12, 2011.

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