The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Transborder Labor Trafficking and Forced Servitude in Marijuana Growing Operations

Thursday, November 7, 2019
Author: 
Luz E. Nagle
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

Human trafficking and labor servitude are occurring globally in the rapidly expanding marijuana cultivation “industry” in which the murky status between legal and illegal product entering the consumer supply chain allows transborder criminal organizations to capitalize on gaps in law enforcement and immigration laws.  Over the last several years, grow operations concealed in non-descript settings—suburban houses and warehouses in industrial areas—have been found throughout Great Britain, Ireland, and Western Europe.  With those discoveries, authorities have found numerous instances of undocumented immigrants, including children, toiling over the valuable crops while subjected to potentially fatal health risks from constant exposure to chemicals in poorly-ventilated rooms, malnutrition, constant illness, and the looming threat of fires and electrocution.

U.S. Government Recovers $700 Million in Asset Forfeiture Settlement re Malaysian Sovereign Wealth Fund

Monday, November 4, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 30, 2019, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced a settlement of its civil forfeiture cases against assets acquired by Low Take Jho, also known as Jho Low, and his family using funds allegedly misappropriated from 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), Malaysia’s investment development fund, and laundered through financial institutions in several jurisdictions, including the United States, Switzerland, Singapore, and Luxembourg.[1]

Parents of Teenage Motorcyclist Victim of Car Crash Plan to Sue Spouse of U.S. Diplomat, U.S., and UK Governments

Friday, November 1, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 29, 2019, the parents of a 19-year-old motorcyclist killed in a recent collision announced they are planning to sue the driver, who is the spouse of a U.S. diplomat, the U.S. and the UK governments.[1]

Rule on Humanitarian Assistance to Iran and OFAC Issues Humanitarian Trade Mechanism

Thursday, October 31, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 25, 2019, the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) identified Iran as a jurisdiction of primary money laundering concern under Section 311 and issued a new rule to protect the U.S. financial system from malign Iranian financial activities.  Concurrently, the U.S. Departments of the Treasury and State announced a new mechanism to limit humanitarian trade with Iran.

EU Court of Justice Rules on Prison Conditions as a Pre-requirement of an Execution of the European Arrest Warrant

Thursday, October 31, 2019
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 15, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union – Grand Chamber (the Court) delivered its judgment in the case C-128/18 Dumitru-Tudor Dorobantu. The ruling concerns the interpretation of Article 4 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the Charter) and Council Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA of June 13, 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States, as amended by Council Framework Decision 2009/299/JHA of February 26, 2009.

FATF Plenary Deals with Money Laundering from “Stablecoins,” the Use of Digital Identity, and Beneficial Ownership

Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 18, 2019, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) President Xiangmin Liu of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) chaired the first meeting under the Chinese presidency.  It dealt with two major strategic initiatives: the money laundering risk from “stablecoins” and other emerging assets; and understanding and leveraging the use of digital identity.  The meeting also considered promoting and facilitating more effective supervision at a national level, best practices on beneficial ownership for legal persons, new work on combating the laundering of proceeds of illegal wildlife trade, and a strategic review.  The plenary also reviewed mutual evaluations, including issues experienced by Pakistan and Iran.

U.S. Rearrests Former Argentine Naval Officer Charged in 16 Murders

Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
11
Abstract: 

On October 25, 2019, U.S. Marshals Service arrested former Argentine naval officer Roberto Guillermo Brovo, 77, on charges in Argentina.  Bravo faces 16 aggravated homicide charges and three attempted aggravated homicide charges for his alleged role in the August 22, 1972 massacre at an Argentine Navy base in Trelew.[1]

The Latest in China’s Growing Spy Campaign against the U.S.

Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Author: 
Miranda Bannister
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
10
Abstract: 

On Friday September 27, 2019, U.S. citizen Xuehua “Edward” Peng was arrested in Hayward, California for providing classified U.S. security information to the Chinese government.  Peng allegedly conferred at least four secure digital cards (SD) to China’s Ministry of State Security (MSS) in Beijing.  This incident was one of six cases in the past three years, in which U.S. citizens have been arrested for spying on behalf of the Chinese government.  It also represents one of many methods of espionage the Chinese government currently uses to acquire U.S. security or trade secrets.

4TH Circuit Agrees to Hear Emoluments Suit En Banc and Trump Announces and then Retracts Announcement His Hotel Will Host the G7 Meeting

Friday, October 25, 2019
Abstract: 

On October 15, 2019, the United States Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit agreed to rehear en banc the emoluments lawsuit brought by the attorneys general of Maryland and the District of Columbia, which a three-judge panel dismissed due to standing. Meanwhile, on October 17, 2019, President Donald Trump announced the U.S. government has awarded the meeting of the 2020 Group of Seven (G7) summit of the world leaders to his Trump National Doral Miami golf resort in Florida.  On or around the night of October 19, President Trump retracted the announcement that his hotel would host the G7 summit.

Partners of Panama Papers’ Law Firm Sue Netflix amidst FBI Investigation

Tuesday, October 22, 2019
Author: 
Alexandra Haris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
10
Abstract: 

On October 15, the two partners of the now-dissolved law firm Mossack Fonseca & Co. confirmed that they were being investigated by the Federal Bureau of Intelligence (FBI). Subsequently at this time, they filed a lawsuit against Netflix. The lawsuit was filed over the Panama-based lawyers’, Ramon Fonseca and Jurgen Mossack, portrayal in the film The Laundromat. The suit claims the movie includes libel and trademark infringement. The lawyers also filed a temporary restraining order to prevent the movie’s release.[1]

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