The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Brazil Arrests Majority Shareholders of Avianca Holdings in Car Wash Corruption Investigation

Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 19, 2020, the Federal Police in Brazil detained brothers German and Jose Efromovich, the majority shareholders of Colombia’s Avianca Holders, in the Car Wash corruption investigation. Brazilian law enforcement authorities accuse them of bribing public officials and laundering money to earn a contract building ships with Transpetro, the logistics unit of Brazilian oil company Petrobras.[1]



[1]    Ricardo Brito and Marcelo Rochabrun, Avianca’s majority shareholders arrested in Brazil on accusations of corruption, Reuters, Aug. 19, 2020.

 

 

Europol Releases the 2020 Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TE-SAT)

Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On June 23, 2020, Europol released its “European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TE-SAT),”[1] which has been produced annually since 2007.



* Professor Plachta specializes in criminal law and international criminal law. He has authored numerous publication on a wide range of problems concerning law enforcement and international cooperation in criminal matters. He currently teaches criminal law and European criminal law at the University of Security in Poznan, Poland.

[1] Europol, European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TE-SAT)2020, June 2020.

 

U.S. Gives Ultimatum to Britain: Share Evidence Quickly or U.S. Surrenders Prisoners to Iraq

Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 18, 2020, U.S. Attorney General William P. Barr sent a letter to Priti Patel, British Home Department Secretary, promising that, if the British government shares evidence with the U.S. by October 15, 2020, the U.S. will prosecute two notorious British Islamic detainees accused of participating in the torture and beheadings of Western hostages, without imposing the death penalty in the event they are convicted. If Britain does not transfer the evidence by October 15, then Barr promises to transfer them to Iraq for prosecution in the Iraqi justice system.[1]

 

Baggage Claim: Ivory Smuggler Caught at Kenyan Airport

Friday, August 21, 2020
Author: 
Afrah Tahir
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

When forty-seven Kenyans flew from Yemen into the Moi airport in late July of 2020,  passengers on the plane were unaware that Mansur Mohamed Surer, an alleged smuggler of endangered wildlife, sat among them.[1] Authorities speculate that Surer was using this route to return to Uganda, the hub of his operations, when agents using Yemeni intelligence, apprehended Surer as he stepped off the plane.[2] They immediately searched his bags and held him with airport police. He was subsequently turned over to Interpol Nairobi. Because the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) had been investigating the suspect, Surer will be extradited to New York.



[1] Mohamed Ahmed. How security agents spoilt birthday party for ‘wanted drugs, ivory baron’ Mansur. NATION. August 1, 2020. [https://www.nation.co.ke/kenya/news/-how-security-agents-spoilt-birthday-party-for-wanted-drugs-ivory-baron-mansur-1910670]

[2] Daniel Wesangula. How High Profile Poacher Mohamed Mansur Surer Walked Into Open Arms of Police. THE STANDARD. July 31, 2020. [https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/the-standard-insider/article/2001380673/how-high-profile-poacher-walked-into-police-arms]

 

Special Tribunal for Lebanon Delivers Verdict over 2005 Killing of Former PM Rafik al-Hariri

Thursday, August 20, 2020
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On August 18, 2020, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) delivered a long-overdue judgment in the Ayyash et al. case concerning the February 14, 2005 attack in Beirut that killed former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and 21 others, and injured 226 more. The four accused were tried in absentia: Messrs Salim Jamil Ayyash, Hassan Habib Merhi, Hussein Hassan Oneissi, and Assad Hassan Sabra.

INTERPOL, I-CAN Global Anti-Mafia Organization Take Down Fugitives

Wednesday, August 19, 2020
Author: 
Julia Brock
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

INTERPOL’s Cooperation Against ‘Ndrangheta (I-CAN) has rounded up six fugitives in Albania, Argentina, and Costa Rica, following intelligence tips gathered in an operation targeting the ‘Ndrangheta in November 2019. INTERPOL’s website reported the news on July 23, 2020. 

Terrorist Suspect Extradited from Jamaica and Arraigned in Manhattan State Court

Tuesday, August 18, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On August 14, 2020, the Manhattan State Court arraigned Trevor William Forrest, a/k/a “Shaikh Abdullah Faisal”, a/k/a/ “Shaikh Faisal,” 56, after his extradition from Jamaica the prior day. The charges are that he used his public profile and personal network to recruit and provide support to those seeking to commit acts of violence and terrorism against others.[1]



[1]    Office of Manhattan District Attorney, D.A. Vance, Commissioner Shea: Designated Global Terrorist Shaikh Faisal Arraigned on Conspiracy and Terrorism Charges Following Extradition from Jamaica, Aug. 14, 2020 https://www.manhattanda.org/d-a-vance-commissioner-shea-designated-global-terrorist-shaikh-faisal-arraigned-on-conspiracy-and-terrorism-charges-following-extradition-from-jamaica.

 

 

U.S. Seizes Iran Oil on High Seas But Loses Effort to Extend Arms Embargo in Security Council

Tuesday, August 18, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On August 14, 2020, the Justice Department (DOJ) announced the successful disruption of a multimillion dollar fuel shipment by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), a designated foreign terrorist organization that was on its way to Venezuela.  The move represents the government’s largest seizure of fuel shipments from Iran.[1]  Also on August 14, the Security Council announced  its failure to adopt a draft resolution aimed at extending arms-related restrictions on Iran, set to expire in October under resolution 2231 (2015).[2]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Largest U.S. Seizure of Iranian Fuel from Four Tankers, Press Rel. No. 20-780, Aug. 14, 2020.

 

[2]    United Nations Security Council, Security Council Announces Failure to Adopt Text on Iran Sanctions by 2 Against, 2 in Favor, 11 Abstentions,  SC/14277, Aug. 14, 2020 https://www.un.org/press/en/2020/sc14277.doc.htm.

 

 

 

U.S. Justice Department Dismantles 3 Terrorist Financing Cyber-Enabled Campaigns

Tuesday, August 18, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

On August 13, 2020, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced the dismantling of three terrorist financing cyber-enabled campaigns, involving the al-Qassam Brigades, Hamas’s military wing, al-Qaeda, and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS). Three forfeiture complaints set forth the coordinated operation and a criminal complaint, which was unsealed on August 13 in the District of Columbia. The actions represent the government’s largest-ever seizure of cryptocurrency in the terrorism context.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Global Disruption of Three Terror Finance Cyber-Enabled Campaigns, Press Rel. 20-773, Aug. 13, 2020.

 

 

Former Saudi Intelligence Officer Sues Crown Prince for Alleged Assassination Attempts

Saturday, August 15, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
8
Abstract: 

                On August 6, 2020, Dr. Saad Aljabri, a former top Saudi intelligence official, filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in the District of Columbia, accusing Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of sending a team of agents to Canada to kill him, as well as arresting and holding his children and brother in an effort to force him to return to Saudi Arabia.[1]



[1]    Dr. Saad Aljabri v. Mohammed Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz  Al Saud et al, U.S. District for the District of Columbia, Case 1:20-cv-02146, Complaint, Aug. 6, 2020 https://context-cdn.washingtonpost.com/notes/prod/default/documents/c26533cd-419e-4406-a534-668bf50d19a0/note/260cbda4-fb75-4659-9c01-10da2ba31760.#page=1; Ben Hubbard and Mark Mazzetti, Ex-Official Says Saudis Are Trying to Kill Him, N.Y. Times, Aug. 7, 2020, at A13, col. 6.

 

 

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