The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Manhattan D.A. Seizes Bronze Antiquity from Cleveland Museum on Behalf of Turkey

Friday, September 8, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
10
Abstract: 

On August 31, the Manhattan District Attorney’s office said it had seized a bronze statue believed to represent the famous Roman statesman Marcus Aurelius, which has been since 1986 in the Greek and Roman galleries at the Cleveland Museum of Art.

U.S. and Allies Disrupt Qakbot Malware

Friday, September 1, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
10
Abstract: 

On August 29, 2023, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced a multinational operation with law enforcement actions in the U.S., France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Romania, and Latvia to disrupt the botnet and malware known as Qakbot and take down its infrastructure.  The law enforcement operations are deleting the Qakbot malicious code from victim computers, preventing it from causing more harm.  The DOJ also announced the seizure of approximately $8.6 million in cryptocurrency in illicit profits.

Belgium and the Netherlands Join EU-based Joint Investigation Team to Prosecute Perpetrators of War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity against the Yazidi People in Syria and Iraq

Friday, August 25, 2023
Author: 
Regan Allen
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

In June 2023, the Netherlands and Belgium joined Sweden and France on a joint investigation team (JIT) working to identify suspects and victims of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes committed by the Islamic State against the Yazidi people in Syria and Iraq. The EU-based JIT, founded in 2022 between Sweden and France, seeks to investigate foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) residing in the EU. 

Congressional Hearing Underscores Problems and Uncertainties with Corporate Transparency Regulations

Friday, August 25, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On July 18, 2023, the Subcommittee on National Security, Illicit Finance, and International Financial Institutions held a hearing entitled “Potential Consequences of FinCEN’s Beneficial Ownership Rulemaking”.    The testimony unanimously underscored serious gaps in the rulemaking for the Corporate Transparency Act (CTA).  The Beneficial Ownership Information reporting element of the CTA is scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2024.

U.S. District Court Denies Motion to Dismiss Belgian Government Cum-Ex Dividend Suit against Enablers

Friday, August 25, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On July 5, 2023, United States District Court Judge John G. Koeltl issued an opinion and order, denying defendants’ motion to dismiss the civil action brought by the Belgian Government (Federal Public Service Finance – FPSF) against several purported pension plans and individuals associated with them. The case involves the cum ex-dividend schemes. The opinion adopted much of the reasoning of the opinion of Judge Lewis Kaplan, who denied the motion to dismiss by defendants in a cum-ex dividend case involving the Danish Government.

Indictment Brought against Barbados Resident for Operating $3.1 Million Stock Scam

Friday, August 25, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

On August 8, 2023, the United States Department of Justice announced indictment charges against a convicted felon and Barbados resident who allegedly posed as an experienced Wall Street stock trader with operating a securities scam that defrauded victim investors of approximately $3.1 million.

Africa Cyber Surge II Nets 14 Arrests and Disrupts Thousands of Illicit Cyber Networks

Friday, August 25, 2023
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
39
Issue: 
9
Abstract: 

INTERPOL and AFRIPOL successfully coordinated a four-month Africa Cyber Surge II operation across 25 African countries, resulting in the arrest of 14 suspected cybercriminals and the identification of 20,674 suspicious cyber networks.  The operation underscores the surge in digital insecurity and cyber threats in the region and illustrated the cooperation by INTERPOL’s Cybercrime Directorate, under the auspices of the INTERPOL Africa Cybercrime Operations desk and INTERPOL’s Support Program for the African Union in relation to AFRIPOL (ISPA).   The operation identified networks connected to financial losses of more than USD 40 million.

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