The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Treasury Issues Strategy to Combat Illicit Finance as House Approves Enablers Act

Thursday, June 30, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On May 13, 2022, the United States Treasury Department issued its National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and Other Illicit Financing (2022 Strategy).  On June 22, 2022, the House Armed Services Committee Voted to include the Enablers Act in the National Defense Authorization Act, thereby increasing its chances of passing.

U.S. AG Announces War Crimes Accountability Team

Friday, June 24, 2022
Author: 
Alex Mostaghimi
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 20, 2022, U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland announced the launch of a War Crimes Accountability Team to bolster the Justice Department’s ongoing efforts to hold accountable those who have committed war crimes and other atrocities in Ukraine.  Garland made the announcement after meeting Ukrainian Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova in a surprise visit to Ukraine.

 

European Union Issues Resolution re Urgent Need to Protect Journalists of Mexico

Friday, June 24, 2022
Author: 
Linda Friedman Ramirez
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On March 10, 2022, the Parliament of the European Union was so alarmed by the number of assassinations of Mexican journalists in the first months of the year that it passed the Resolution on the situation of journalists and human rights defenders in Mexico.  [1] The Resolution passed 607 votes to 2 with 73 abstentions, and referenced that “institutionalized and widespread corruption, abetted by a deficient judicial system, is engendering an endemic problem of impunity, with around 95% of journalists’ murders going unpunished.”  [2]

 

Gupta Brothers Arrested in UAE, Facing Extradition

Friday, June 24, 2022
Author: 
John Kennamer
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 2, 2022, Atul and Rajesh Gupta were arrested at their home in Dubai.[1]  The brothers are wanted in South Africa in connection with fraud and state capture.  They are being held in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) pending extradition.  The arrests, and possible extraditions were made possible by newly established extradition and mutual legal assistance treaties between the UAE and South Africa. Their arrests may also be part of a larger policy shift currently underway in the UAE.



[1]               UAE arrests Rajesh Gupta and Atul Gupta in response to international request, United Arab Emirates Ministry of Justice (June 7, 2022), https://www.moj.gov.ae/en/media-center/news/7/6/2022/uae-arrests-rajesh-gupta-and-atul-gupta-in-response-to-international-request.aspx.

 

British Home Secretary Approves Assange’s Extradition to the U.S.

Friday, June 24, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 

On June 17, 2022, the British Home Secretary Priti Patel approved Wikileaks founder Julian Assange’s extradition to the United States.  Assange has fourteen days to appeal the decision.   The Home Secretary observed that “(t)he UK courts have not found that it would be oppressive, unjust or an abuse of process to extradite Mr. Assange.”[1]



[1]   Charley Adams, Julian Assange can be extradited, says UK home secretary, BBC News, June 17, 2022.

 

U.S. Justice Issues Report on Strengthening International Enforcement Cooperation on Cybercrime

Friday, June 17, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On June 6, 2022, Merrick B. Garland, the Attorney General of the United States, issued a report in response to the President’s Executive Order on Ensuring Responsible Development of Digital Assets.  The Report recommends expanding the U.S. government’s operational and capacity building efforts with international partners; increasing information sharing, coordination, and deconfliction; and closing regulatory gaps across jurisdictions.[1]

U.S. Homeland Security Unveils Campaign to Combat Human Smuggling Networks While Summit of the Americas Has Declaration on Migration and Protection

Thursday, June 16, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

In April 2022, the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) started a five-part campaign against human smuggling.[1]   At the Summit of the Americas, leaders from the Western Hemisphere presented the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection, which seeks to mobilize the entire region around bold actions around four key pillars to transform the Western Hemisphere’s approach to managing migration. [2]



[1]    Department of Homeland Security, DHS Leads First-of-Its-Kind Campaign of Unprecedented Scale to Foil Human Smuggling Networks, June 9, 2022 https://www.dhs.gov/news/2022/06/09/fact-sheet-dhs-leads-first-its-kind-campaign-unprecedented-scale-foil-human.

[2]    White House, Fact Sheet, The Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection U.S. Government and Foreign Partner Deliverables, June 10, 2022 https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/06/10/fact-sheet-the-los-angeles-declaration-on-migration-and-protection-u-s-government-and-foreign-partner-deliverables.

 

Caribbean Strengthens Response of Fisheries Crime, Gun Trafficking and Other Crime Issues

Thursday, June 16, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On June 20, 2022, a readout of President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris’ meeting with leaders of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Dominican Republic show efforts to increase security cooperation and engagement, including countering small arms trafficking.[1]  During March and April 2022, the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM)[2] and the Caribbean Community Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (CARICOM IMPACS) hosted a Technical Meeting on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing and Organized Crime in the Fishing Industry.[3]   On September 2, 2021, INTERPOL and the Government of Barbados announced the signing of an agreement to pen an INTERPOL liaison office aimed at increasing Caribbean police cooperation and security.[4]



[1]    White House, Joint Readout of President Joe Biden & Vice President Kamala Harris’ Meeting with Leaders of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Dominican Republic, June 10, 2022.

[2]    The CRFM was inaugurated on March 27, 2003 in Belize City, Belize, where it has its headquarters, following the signing of the “Agreement Establishing the CRFM” on February 4, 2002.  It is an inter-government organization whose mission is “to promote and facilitate the responsible utilization of the region’s fisheries and other aquatic resources for the economic and social benefits of the current and future population of the region.”

[3]    CARICOM, CARICOM IMPACS, CRFM Partner with Norway, UNDP To Fortify Region’s Response to Fisheries Crime, https://today.caricom.org, Apr. 7,  2022.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

[4]    INTERPOL, Closing ranks on emerging organized crime:  INTERPOL to open new Caribbean office, Sept. 2, 2021.

 

EU Releases an Alarming Report on Drugs: “Everywhere, Everything, Everyone”

Thursday, June 16, 2022
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On June 14, 2022, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) launched its European Drug Report 2022, which details the latest overview of the drug situation in Europe and emerging threats.[1]



* Professor Plachta specializes in criminal law and international criminal law. He has authored numerous publication on a wide range of problems concerning law enforcement and international cooperation in criminal matters. He currently teaches criminal law and European criminal law at the University of Security in Poznan, Poland.

[1] European Drug Report 2022: Trends and Developments, EMCDDA, June 14, 2022, https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/edr/trends-developments/2022_en.

 

UAE Arrests Shah on Danish Extradition Warrant for Cum-Ex Dividend Fraud Charges

Friday, June 10, 2022
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
6
Abstract: 

On June 3, the Danish Ministry of Justice announced that police in Dubai have arrested Sanjay Shah, one of the suspected perpetrators in the cum-ex dividend fraud case on a Danish extradition warrant.  The arrest follows close collaboration between Denmark and the UAE. [1]   In particular, in March 2022, the UAE and Denmark concluded both a mutual legal assistance treaty and an extradition treaty.[2]



[1]    Danish Ministry of Justice, Dubai police have arrested a suspected perpetrator in the dividend case, June 3, 2022.

[2]    Danish Ministry of Justice, The Minister of Justice signs extradition agreement between Denmark and the United Arab Emirates, Mar. 17, 2022.

 

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