The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Doctrine of Universal Jurisdiction Becomes Focal Point of Syrian War Crimes Prosecutions

Thursday, April 8, 2021
Author: 
Teddy David
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On February 24, 2021, a German court convicted former Syrian secret police officer Eyad al-Gharib of aiding and abetting crimes against humanity during the Syrian Civil War. The landmark decision is the first example of a national court – as opposed to the International Criminal Court – convicting a relatively high-ranking officer for war crimes committed during the now decade-long conflict in Syria.

President Biden Revokes Executive Order Imposing Sanctions on the International Criminal Court

Thursday, April 8, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On April 1, 2021, United States President Joseph R. Biden terminated the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13928 of June 11, 2020, which blocked property of certain persons associated with the International Criminal Court (ICC).[1]



[1] Press Release, The White House, Executive Order on the Termination of Emergency With Respect to the International Criminal Court (April 1, 2021)

 

 

United Nations Targets Corruption and Illicit Cross-Border Finance

Monday, April 5, 2021
Author: 
By Spencer A. Hill & Peter D. Hardy
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 2, 2020 the United Nations released a Report on Financial Integrity For Sustainable Development (the “Report”). Although the Report is lengthy and wide-ranging, we will focus here on the portions of the Report which target the humanitarian toll of Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs) from money laundering, tax abuse, cross-border corruption, and transnational financial crime – all of which can drain resources from sustainable development, worsen inequality, fuel instability, undermine governance, and damage public trust.   We also will focus on the portions of the Report which make recommendations designed to expand anti-money laundering (“AML”) compliance.

Summarizing and Assessing the 2019 Changes in Interpol’s Rules on the Processing of Data

Friday, April 2, 2021
Author: 
Michelle Estlund, Esq. and Dr. Ted R. Bromund
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

While Interpol has published the revised RPD, it has neither itemized the revisions nor provided a red-line version of the RPD. This article summarizes the 2019 revisions and assesses their significance, both for attorneys seeking the knowledge they need to effectively advocate for their clients when an Interpol issue arises and for practitioners concerned to ensure that Interpol is used only for purposes of legitimate law enforcement. Finally, it provides a practical illustration of the importance of Interpol’s rules on data protection for attorneys advocating before the Commission for the Control of Interpol’s Files (the “CCF”).

Spanish Police Seize 1st Spanish-made Narco Sub and Arrest 52 Persons

Friday, April 2, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

In mid-March 2021, Spanish police seized a submarine capable of transporting up to two tons of drugs.  During the drug raids across Spain, police arrested 52 persons, seized  significant quantities of cocaine and hashish, and dismantled a drug lab.[1]



[1]   Spanish police seize narco-submarine in Malaga raid, BBC, Mar. 13, 2021.

 

U.K. Pledges to Continue Supporting Caribbean in Meeting FATF Standards, Cybersecurity and Other Enforcement Initiatives

Thursday, April 1, 2021
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 18, 2021, at the Tenth U.K.-Caribbean Forum, the ministers’ meeting resulted in pledges for continued cooperation in international enforcement initiatives, especially helping CARICOM members meet the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) international standards and cybercrime security and enforcement.  At the end of the meeting, a communique was issued[1] as well as an action plan.[2]



[1]    Tenth UK-Caribbean Forum: Communique, Mar. 18, 2021 https://today.caricom.org/2021/03/18/tenth-uk-caribbean-forum-communique.

[2]   Kendol Morgan, Tenth UK-Caribbean Forum:  Action Plan, Mar. 23 https://today.caricom.org/2021/03/18/tenth-uk-caribbean-forum-action-plan.

 

Coast Guard Interdicts and Repatriates 17 Migrants to Cuba as Cuba Calls for U.S. to Meet its Migration Commitments

Tuesday, March 30, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

                On March 22, 2021, the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Charles Sexton’s crew repatriated 17 Cuban migrants to Cuba. They had interdicted them on March 18, approximately 54 miles south of Key West, and were brought aboard due to safety of life at sea issues.[1]  Meanwhile, the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Affairs called for the U.S. to abide by its commitment to the Joint Declaration on migration signed by the two governments on January 12, 2017, to prevent the tragic incidents resulting from irregular migration.[2]



[1]    U.S. Coast Guard, Coast Guard repatriates 17 migrants to Cuba, Mar. 22, 2021 https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDHSCG/bulletins/2c807f0

[2]    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, Cuba Calls for the prevention of tragic incidents as a result of irregular migration, Mar. 11, 2021 http://www.minrex.gob.cu/en/cuba-calls-prevention-tragic-incidents-result-irrregular-migration.

 

U.S. Justice Department’s Antitrust Division Summarizes 2020 International Achievements

Tuesday, March 30, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

                On March 24, 2021, the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)  issued a summary of its 2020 achievements, including a number of international enforcement ones.[1]



[1]    U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, Continued Commitment to International Enforcement, Spring Update, Mar. 24, 2021 https://www.justice.gov/atr/division-operations/division-update-spring-2021/continued-commitment-international-enforcement.

 

North Korea Cuts Diplomatic Relations with Malaysia After It Extradites N. Korean to the U.S.

Friday, March 26, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 20, 2021, the United States government obtained custody of Mun Chol Myong after Malaysia extradited him to face U.S. money laundering charges.  He was the first North Korean extradited to the U.S. after a Malaysian court denied the argument that the U.S. charges were politically motivated.[1]



[1]    Associated Press, North Korean man extradited from Malaysia to US in sanctions case, https://www.channelnewsasia.com, Mar. 22, 2021.

 

U.S. Grand Jury in Seattle Indicts Young Swiss Hacktivist for Cyber Crimes

Friday, March 26, 2021
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
37
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 

On March 18, 2021, the U.S. Attorney in Seattle announced the indictment of Till Kottmann, 21, for computer intrusion and identity and data theft crimes from 2019 to the present.  Initially, the U.S. charged Kottmann, aka “deletescape” and “Tillie crimew” in September 2020.  The U.S. Department of Justice has notified Kottmann of the indictment.  Kottmann remains for now in Lucerne, Switzerland.[1]



[1]    U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Washington, Swiss Hacker Indicted for Conspiracy, Wire Fraud, and Aggravated Identity Theft, Press Rel., Mar. 18, 2021.

 

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